SHAFAQNA -Â Education is the key to breaking the influence that media-savvy, violent extremists have on young,Â disaffectedÂ Muslims, the leader of theÂ Ahmadiyya Muslim Community (AMC) believes.
Security officials estimate up to 700 people have left Britain to become involved with extremist groups such as the IslamicÂ State (IS). About half have returned. At least 43 women and girlsÂ have fled to Syria in the past year.
Hazrat Mirza Masroor Ahmad, the Ahmadisâ€™ leader and fifth Caliph, told a crowd of more than 35,400 gathered near Alton in a field nestled between the rolling hills of Hampshire that the term “jihad” is widely misunderstood by radicalised Muslim youth as much as it is by some non-Muslims.
â€œEven some women and young girls are being misled and so they are travelling from their home countries towards Muslim countries to join so-called jihadi organisations in a completely false jihad,â€ he said at the event, known as Jalsa Salana, or Annual Convention, now in its 49thÂ year.
â€œIt must be clear that jihad is not a concept that supports injustices, cruelty, pillaging and anarchy for the sake of fulfilling vested interests.â€
The British government has responded with controversial new laws, including the right of parents to cancel their radicalised childrenâ€™s passports. The Caliph believes the problem is so serious that mosques and Islamic schools should be monitored by security services.
The crackdown comes as the latest UK police figures show hate crimes against British Muslims have soared by more than 50 percent.
Mansoor Clarke, imam at the UKâ€™s largest mosque, Baitul Futuh Mosque in Morden, in southwest London, has encountered Islamophobic people who think all Muslims are IS supporters or “terrorists”. He counters this by promoting Islam as a peaceful religion, educating followers against extreme acts and leading fellow Ahmadis in carrying out charitable deeds.
â€œIf we do that, itâ€™s impossible for someone to turn around and say, â€˜Yes, but youâ€™re obviously a terrorist on the side,'”Â Clarke told Middle East Eye at the Ahmadisâ€™ three-day event that ended on Sunday.
Helping others forms an important part of the Ahmadi faith, and is carried out in a wide variety of ways. Muhammad Sharif Ode, AMC president of Israel and Palestine, one of 250 Arabs in Hampshire leading a group of 50 Ahmadis from his mosque, said he led interfaith programmes between groups including Jews, Christians and Muslims in the Kababir neighbouhood of Haifa, Israel.
â€œIâ€™m part of a council that brings students of different faiths together for interfaith dialogue,â€ he told MEE.
â€œWe had our convention in Israel, and on the first day, we invited those who speak the Hebrew language, including rabbis, and we created harmony.
â€œItâ€™s very strange for the conservatives and the reformists and the orthodox to have dinner or lunch together,â€ he said, chuckling happily at the achievement.
Ahmadis have faced persecution in countries including Pakistan, where it is illegal for members of the Ahmadiyya community to call themselves Muslim.
Some traditional Muslims call AMC members heretics because followers do not believe Muhammad was the final prophet sent to guide mankind. Ahmadis believeÂ Mirza Ghulam Ahmad, who founded the faith in 1889, was also a prophet and the Messiah.
That belief led to the Lahore massacre in 2010, in which 94 people were killed in dual attacks on Ahmadiyya mosques.
The Caliph and his followers respond to persecution by choosing prayers over violence, according to London Imam Clarke.
â€œWhat we believe in is [that] the concept of faith is between the individual and God,â€ he said.
â€œIf someone came in today who was completely against what we do, we still couldnâ€™t pass a judgement on his faith.â€
Syrian Reem Shraiky told MEE at the Jalsa Salana that although Ahmadis were restricted, they were never physically attacked under the government of President Bashar al-Assad.
That changed when the civil war erupted in 2011. Ahmadis are now attacked by the Assad regime and rebel fighters including IS and al-Nusra Front because they seek democratic solutions over violence, Shraiky said.
She left her homeland more than six years ago, but two sisters still live there. Her brother left for Turkey 18 months ago after being tortured by Syrian soldiers. He was pleased when they told him they were doing so because he is Ahmadi, because that meant he was a true Muslim, Shraiky said.
â€œThe marks are still there as signs of his torture,â€ she said.
â€œFor six months we were not knowing where he was; whether he was alive or dead.
â€œHis wife, during his detention, had been kidnapped by al-Nusra Front and tortured for nine hours. They were shooting the bullets near her head, saying, â€˜I am going to kill you, you Ahmadi.â€
While Ahmadis do not advocate violence, some in the Muslim community are critical of their raising Â£400,000 for theÂ Poppy Appeal, organised by theÂ Royal British Legion, a non-profit organisation that helps war veterans and their families. The Caliph teaches followers they should support the country in which they live because it is a part of their faith.
Ahsan Chouly, from southwest London, who works in finance but volunteered for nine-hour shifts as a packer in the bread-making department that produced an estimated 3,000 pieces of naan per day during the Jalsa Salana, raised Â£600 for the Legion during a charity hike through the Bavarian Alps last month. The group raised Â£20,000 in total.
Chouly noted ruefully that the years AMC has spent helping the Legion and the Poppy Appeal have been overlooked by the tabloid media, which ran scathing headlines when a small group of Muslims burned poppies, a symbol of fallen soldiers since the First World War.
â€œI was asked the question by a non-Ahmadiyya Muslim friend of mine as to why Iâ€™m raising money for the Royal British Legion,â€ he told MEE.
â€œHe was trying to make the point that British soldiers are going out to Iraq and Syria and destabilising those countries and despite that youâ€™re raising money for those.â€
Chouly told him the fundraiser for ex-military personnel was for humanitarian purposes and the veterans were just following orders.
â€œFor us to blame those individuals for simply doing their job, itâ€™s not fair. We should not discriminate based on that and charity is just charity, and whoever deserves it we should give them that.â€