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Shia Islam: Shīʿa contributions to Islamic civilization / 33 – c

Shafqna: Shīʿa Islam: History and Doctrines / Ayatullāh Jaʿfar Subḥānī Principles of Jurisprudence (Uṣūl al-Fiqh) It is quite obvious that deriving laws from the Qur’an, traditions, the Prophet’s biography, consensus and reason depends on establishing general principles to serve as the basis for inferring laws, and practical laws in particular. This need is even more pronounced […]

Shia Islam: Shīʿa contributions to Islamic civilization / 33 – b

Shafqna: Shīʿa Islam: History and Doctrines / Ayatullāh Jaʿfar Subḥānī Qur’anic exegesis The Qur’an is simultaneously the primary source for Islamic beliefs and practices and the miracle of the Final Prophet. Muslim scholars from the very early days of Islam devoted themselves to understanding this scripture with a dedication that had no equal in previous religions. […]

Prophet Ibrahim’s Invocations: Commentary of the Quran (Chapter 2:129) By: Mohammad Sobhanie

Commentary of the Quran (Chapter 2:129) By: Mohammad Sobhanie Prophet Ibrahim’s Invocations بِسْمِ اللَّـهِ الرَّحْمَـٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ رَبَّنَا وَابْعَثْ فِيهِمْ رَسُولًا مِّنْهُمْ يَتْلُو عَلَيْهِمْ آيَاتِكَ وَيُعَلِّمُهُمُ الْكِتَابَ وَالْحِكْمَةَ وَيُزَكِّيهِمْ إِنَّكَ أَنتَ الْعَزِيزُ الْحَكِيمُ ﴿١٢٩﴾ Translation: 2:129 Our Lord, and send among them a messenger from themselves who will recite to them Your verses and teach them […]

Prophet Ibrahim’s Invocations: Commentary of the Quran (Chapter 2:127-128) By: Mohammad Sobhanie

Commentary of the Quran (Chapter 2:127-128) By: Mohammad Sobhanie Prophet Ibrahim’s Invocations بِسْمِ اللَّـهِ الرَّحْمَـٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ وَإِذْ يَرْفَعُ إِبْرَاهِيمُ الْقَوَاعِدَ مِنَ الْبَيْتِ وَإِسْمَاعِيلُ رَبَّنَا تَقَبَّلْ مِنَّا إِنَّكَ أَنتَ السَّمِيعُ الْعَلِيمُ ﴿١٢٧﴾ رَبَّنَا وَاجْعَلْنَا مُسْلِمَيْنِ لَكَ وَمِن ذُرِّيَّتِنَا أُمَّةً مُّسْلِمَةً لَّكَ وَأَرِنَا مَنَاسِكَنَا وَتُبْ عَلَيْنَا إِنَّكَ أَنتَ التَّوَّابُ الرَّحِيمُ ﴿١٢٨﴾ Translation: 2:127: And [mention] when Abraham […]

Prophet Ibrahim’s Invocations: Commentary of the Quran (Chapter 2:126) By: Mohammad Sobhanie

Commentary of the Quran (Chapter 2:126) By: Mohammad Sobhanie Prophet Ibrahim’s Invocations بِسْمِ اللَّـهِ الرَّحْمَـٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ وَإِذْ قَالَ إِبْرَاهِيمُ رَبِّ اجْعَلْ هَـٰذَا بَلَدًا آمِنًا وَارْزُقْ أَهْلَهُ مِنَ الثَّمَرَاتِ مَنْ آمَنَ مِنْهُم بِاللَّـهِ وَالْيَوْمِ الْآخِرِ ۖ قَالَ وَمَن كَفَرَ فَأُمَتِّعُهُ قَلِيلًا ثُمَّ أَضْطَرُّهُ إِلَىٰ عَذَابِ النَّارِ ۖ وَبِئْسَ الْمَصِيرُ ﴿١٢٦﴾ Translation: 2:126: And [mention] when Ibrahim said, “My […]

The Majesty of God’s House: Commentary of the Quran (Chapter 2:125) By: Mohammad Sobhanie

Commentary of the Quran (Chapter 2:125) By: Mohammad Sobhanie The Majesty of God’s House بِسْمِ اللَّـهِ الرَّحْمَـٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ وَإِذْ جَعَلْنَا الْبَيْتَ مَثَابَةً لِّلنَّاسِ وَأَمْنًا وَاتَّخِذُوا مِن مَّقَامِ إِبْرَاهِيمَ مُصَلًّى وَعَهِدْنَا إِلَى إِبْرَاهِيمَ وَإِسْمَاعِيلَ أَن طَهِّرَا بَيْتِيَ لِلطَّائِفِينَ وَالْعَاكِفِينَ وَالرُّكَّعِ السُّجُودِ ﴿١٢٥﴾   Translation: 2:125 And [remember] when We made the House a place of return […]

Imam, the Divine Authority on Earth: Commentary of the Quran (Chapter 2:124, Part-IV) By: Mohammad Sobhanie

Commentary of the Quran (Chapter 2:124, Part-IV) By: Mohammad Sobhanie Imamat, Pinnacle Honor of Prophet Ibrahim Imam, the Divine Authority on Earth بِسْمِ اللَّـهِ الرَّحْمَـٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ وَإِذِ ابْتَلَىٰ إِبْرَاهِيمَ رَبُّهُ بِكَلِمَاتٍ فَأَتَمَّهُنَّ ۖ قَالَ إِنِّي جَاعِلُكَ لِلنَّاسِ إِمَامًا ۖ قَالَ وَمِن ذُرِّيَّتِي ۖ قَالَ لَا يَنَالُ عَهْدِي الظَّالِمِينَ ﴿١٢٤﴾ Translation: 2:104 When his Lord tested Abraham with certain […]

Imamat, Pinnacle Honor of Prophet Ibrahim Meaning of Imam: Commentary of the Quran (Chapter 2:124, Part-III) By: Mohammad Sobhanie

Commentary of the Quran (Chapter 2:124, Part-III) By: Mohammad Sobhanie Imamat, Pinnacle Honor of Prophet Ibrahim Meaning of Imam بِسْمِ اللَّـهِ الرَّحْمَـٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ وَإِذِ ابْتَلَىٰ إِبْرَاهِيمَ رَبُّهُ بِكَلِمَاتٍ فَأَتَمَّهُنَّ ۖ قَالَ إِنِّي جَاعِلُكَ لِلنَّاسِ إِمَامًا ۖ قَالَ وَمِن ذُرِّيَّتِي ۖ قَالَ لَا يَنَالُ عَهْدِي الظَّالِمِينَ ﴿١٢٤﴾ Translation: 2:104 When his Lord tested Abraham with certain words (commands) and […]

Imamat, Pinnacle Honor of Prophet Ibrahim, Part-II: Commentary of the Quran (Chapter 2:124, Part-II) By: Mohammad Sobhanie

Commentary of the Quran (Chapter 2:124, Part-II) By: Mohammad Sobhanie Imamat, Pinnacle Honor of Prophet Ibrahim, Part-II Ibrahim received the news of being Imam while He was a prophet بِسْمِ اللَّـهِ الرَّحْمَـٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ وَإِذِ ابْتَلَىٰ إِبْرَاهِيمَ رَبُّهُ بِكَلِمَاتٍ فَأَتَمَّهُنَّ ۖ قَالَ إِنِّي جَاعِلُكَ لِلنَّاسِ إِمَامًا ۖ قَالَ وَمِن ذُرِّيَّتِي ۖ قَالَ لَا يَنَالُ عَهْدِي الظَّالِمِينَ ﴿١٢٤﴾ Translation: 2:104 […]

Imamat, Pinnacle Honor of Prophet Ibrahim: Commentary of the Quran (Chapter 2:124, Part-I) By: Mohammad Sobhanie

Commentary of the Quran (Chapter 2:124, Part-I) By: Mohammad Sobhanie Imamat, Pinnacle Honor of Prophet Ibrahim بِسْمِ اللَّـهِ الرَّحْمَـٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ وَإِذِ ابْتَلَىٰ إِبْرَاهِيمَ رَبُّهُ بِكَلِمَاتٍ فَأَتَمَّهُنَّ ۖ قَالَ إِنِّي جَاعِلُكَ لِلنَّاسِ إِمَامًا ۖ قَالَ وَمِن ذُرِّيَّتِي ۖ قَالَ لَا يَنَالُ عَهْدِي الظَّالِمِينَ ﴿١٢٤﴾ Translation: 2:104 When his Lord tested Abraham with certain words (commands) and he fulfilled them, […]

Being Thankful in Life: Commentary of the Quran (Chapter 2:122-123) By: Mohammad Sobhanie

Commentary of the Quran (Chapter 2:122-123) By: Mohammad Sobhanie Being Thankful in Life بِسْمِ اللَّـهِ الرَّحْمَـٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ يَا بَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ اذْكُرُوا نِعْمَتِيَ الَّتِي أَنْعَمْتُ عَلَيْكُمْ وَأَنِّي فَضَّلْتُكُمْ عَلَى الْعَالَمِينَ ﴿١٢٢﴾ وَاتَّقُوا يَوْمًا لَّا تَجْزِي نَفْسٌ عَن نَّفْسٍ شَيْئًا وَلَا يُقْبَلُ مِنْهَا عَدْلٌ وَلَا تَنفَعُهَا شَفَاعَةٌ وَلَا هُمْ يُنصَرُونَ ﴿١٢٣﴾ Translation: 2:122 O Children of Israel! […]

Pleasing Adversary: Commentary of the Quran (Chapter 2:120-121) By: Mohammad Sobhanie

Commentary of the Quran (Chapter 2:120-121) By: Mohammad Sobhanie Pleasing Adversary بِسْمِ اللَّـهِ الرَّحْمَـٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ وَلَن تَرْضَىٰ عَنكَ الْيَهُودُ وَلَا النَّصَارَىٰ حَتَّىٰ تَتَّبِعَ مِلَّتَهُمْ ۗ قُلْ إِنَّ هُدَى اللَّـهِ هُوَ الْهُدَىٰ ۗ وَلَئِنِ اتَّبَعْتَ أَهْوَاءَهُم بَعْدَ الَّذِي جَاءَكَ مِنَ الْعِلْمِ ۙ مَا لَكَ مِنَ اللَّـهِ مِن وَلِيٍّ وَلَا نَصِيرٍ ﴿١٢٠﴾ الَّذِينَ آتَيْنَاهُمُ الْكِتَابَ يَتْلُونَهُ حَقَّ تِلَاوَتِهِ أُولَـٰئِكَ يُؤْمِنُونَ […]

Shia Islam: Imam al-Mahdī /32

Shafqna: Shīʿa Islam: History and Doctrines / Ayatullāh Jaʿfar Subḥānī Imam al-Mahdī The twelfth Imam is the Mahdī. He was born in 868 AD in Samarra. His real name is Muḥammad and his tektonym is Abū al-Qāsim. The tyrannical regime of that time felt threatened by the very possibility of his existence. To that effect, they […]

Shia Islam: Imam Ḥasan ‘al-ʿAskarī /31

Shafqna: Shīʿa Islam: History and Doctrines / Ayatullāh Jaʿfar Subḥānī Imam Ḥasan ‘al-ʿAskarī Imam Ḥasan al-ʿAskarī, the son of Imam al-Hādī, was the eleventh Shīʿa Imam. He was born in Medina in 846 AD and died in Samarra in 874 AD. He was buried in his home. He was 22 when his father died and he […]

Shia Islam: Imam al-Hādī /30

Shafqna: Shīʿa Islam: History and Doctrines / Ayatullāh Jaʿfar Subḥānī Imam al-Hādī Imam ʿAlī al-Naqi, the tenth Shīʿa Imam, was born in 827 AD (Mufīd, Irshād; Kashf al-Ghamma) and died in 868 AD. His teknonym was Abū al-Ḥasan, and his epithet, al-Hādī (‘The Guide’). He served as the Imam for 33 years in which he faced […]

Shia Islam: Imam Jawād /29

Shafqna: Shīʿa Islam: History and Doctrines / Ayatullāh Jaʿfar Subḥānī Imam Jawād Imam Muḥammad Taqī, better known as al-Al-Jawād (‘The Generous’), was born in Medina in 811 AD. He was killed by the Abbasid Caliph in Baghdad in 835 AD. He was the Imam for 17 years. (Irshād) He was born at a time Maʾmūn and […]

Shia Islam: Imam al-Riḍā /29

Shafqna: Shīʿa Islam: History and Doctrines / Ayatullāh Jaʿfar Subḥānī Imam al-Riḍā The eighth Shīʿa Imam, ʿAlī b. Mūsā al-Riḍā, was born in Medina in 765 AD. His parents were Imam Mūsā al-Kāẓim and Ṭāhira. He was given the epithet al-Riḍā (‘the one agreed upon’) and his teknonym was Abū al-Ḥasan. After the martyrdom of his […]

Shia Islam: Imam al-Kāẓim /28

Shafqna: Shīʿa Islam: History and Doctrines / Ayatullāh Jaʿfar Subḥānī Imam al-Kāẓim  Imam Mūsā b. Jaʿfar, the seventh Shīʿa Imam, was born in 745 AD in Medina. He died in Baghdad in 799 AD. Yazīd b. Walīd b. ʿAbd al-Malik, Ibrāhīm b. Walīd b. ʿAbd al-Malik and Marwān b. Muḥammad of the Umayyad dynasty were in […]

Shia Islam: Imam al-Sādiq /27

Shafqna: Shīʿa Islam: History and Doctrines / Ayatullāh Jaʿfar Subḥānī Imam al-Sādiq Imam al-Sādiq, the sixth the Imam, was born in 702 AD in Medina. He passed away in 765 AD there and buried in Baqīʿ Cemetry. His mother was Umm Farwa bint al-Qāsim b. Muḥammad b. Abū Bakr. Al-Sādiq’s Imamate lasted 34 years. (Irshād) His […]

Shia Islam: Imam al-Bāqir /26

Shafqna: Shīʿa Islam: History and Doctrines / Ayatullāh Jaʿfar Subḥānī Imam al-Bāqir Imam al-Bāqir, the son of Imam al-Sajjād, was born in Medina 676 AD and died in 743 in the same city. He was 36 when his father passed away. His mother was the daughter of Imam Ḥasan. He was the first of the Imams […]

Shia Islam: Imam Sajjād /25

Shafaqna – Shīʿa Islam: History and Doctrines / Ayatullāh Jaʿfar Subḥānī Imam Sajjād The fourth Shīʿa Imam is Sajjād, the son of Imam Ḥusayn. He was born in 657 AD and passed away in 713 AD. Imam Sajjād was born at a time when his grandfather Imam ʿAlī was still Caliph and grew up when […]

A Bearer of Good News and Warner: Commentary of the Quran (Chapter 2:119) By: Mohammad Sobhanie

Commentary of the Quran (Chapter 2:119) By: Mohammad Sobhanie A Bearer of Good News and Warner بِسْمِ اللَّـهِ الرَّحْمَـٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ إِنَّا أَرْسَلْنَاكَ بِالْحَقِّ بَشِيرًا وَنَذِيرًا ۖ وَلَا تُسْأَلُ عَنْ أَصْحَابِ الْجَحِيمِ ﴿١١٩﴾ Translation: 2:119 Indeed We have sent you with the truth, as a bearer of good news and as a warner, and you will not […]

like-Minded People: Commentary of the Quran (Chapter 2:118) By: Mohammad Sobhanie

Commentary of the Quran (Chapter 2:118) By: Mohammad Sobhanie like-Minded People بِسْمِ اللَّـهِ الرَّحْمَـٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ وَقَالَ الَّذِينَ لَا يَعْلَمُونَ لَوْلَا يُكَلِّمُنَا اللَّـهُ أَوْ تَأْتِينَا آيَةٌ ۗ كَذَٰلِكَ قَالَ الَّذِينَ مِن قَبْلِهِم مِّثْلَ قَوْلِهِمْ ۘ تَشَابَهَتْ قُلُوبُهُمْ ۗ قَدْ بَيَّنَّا الْآيَاتِ لِقَوْمٍ يُوقِنُونَ ﴿١١٨﴾ Translation: 2:118 Those who have no knowledge say, “Why does not Allah speak to us, […]

Belief in a Begotten Son of God Scriptural or Unscriptural Doctrine: Commentary of the Quran (Chapter 2:116-117) By: Mohammad Sobhanie

Commentary of the Quran (Chapter 2:116-117) By: Mohammad Sobhanie Belief in a Begotten Son of God Scriptural or Unscriptural Doctrine بِسْمِ اللَّـهِ الرَّحْمَـٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ وَقَالُوا اتَّخَذَ اللَّـهُ وَلَدًا ۗ سُبْحَانَهُ ۖ بَل لَّهُ مَا فِي السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضِ ۖ كُلٌّ لَّهُ قَانِتُونَ ﴿١١٦﴾ بَدِيعُ السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضِ ۖ وَإِذَا قَضَىٰ أَمْرًا فَإِنَّمَا يَقُولُ لَهُ كُن فَيَكُونُ ﴿١١٧﴾ Translation: 2:116 And they […]

Omnipresence of God in the Universe: Commentary of the Quran (Chapter 2:115) By: Mohammad Sobhanie

Commentary of the Quran (Chapter 2:115) By: Mohammad Sobhanie Omnipresence of God in the Universe بِسْمِ اللَّـهِ الرَّحْمَـٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ وَلِلَّـهِ الْمَشْرِقُ وَالْمَغْرِبُ ۚ فَأَيْنَمَا تُوَلُّوا فَثَمَّ وَجْهُ اللَّـهِ ۚ إِنَّ اللَّـهَ وَاسِعٌ عَلِيمٌ ﴿١١٥﴾ Translation: 2:115 To Allah belong the East and the West. Whichever way you turn, there is God’s presence. God is Omnipresent and Omniscient. […]