SHAFAQNA-Ayatollah Haj Sheikh Hashem Qazvini was a prominent expert and lecturer at Mashhad’s seminary school in the 14th century AH. He was born in Qazvin in1270/ 1891.
Ayatollah Qazvini passed his preliminary studies and some parts of his basic text books in Qazvin and Tehran and then left for the holy city of Najaf. Enjoying lessons of Najaf’s great religious scholars, he came to Mashhad and presented in lessons of Ayatollah Haj Mirza Muhammad Aghazadeh and Ayatollah Mirza Mahdi Qaravi Isfahani. At the same time, he taught advanced level and seminary courses not based on reading textbooks (Kharij). Training lots of prominent pupils in a short time, he was able to have a great impact on the scientific and spiritual atmosphere of Mashhad’s seminary schools.
He taught Risael, Makaseb, Kifaya, and Kharij in Fazel Khan and Navab schools and his classes was very unique in terms of both quality and quantity, based on the Supreme Leader’s opinion.
Ayatollah Haj Sheikh Hashem Qazvini’s Famous Pupils
Some of his students include Ayatollah Waiz Tabasi, Ayatollah Haj Mirza Mahdi Noghani, master Muhammad Taghi Shariati, master Kazem Modir Shanechi, master Muhammad Reza Hakimi, Ayatollah Salehi and most famous of all Ayatollah Seyyed Ali Khamenei.
There is no doubt that his most important role was pedagogy rather than teaching. According to master Muhammad Reza Hakimi’s notes, Ayatollah Qazvini was a salient sample of real Islamic cleric and a religious scholar. He was a wise, pious, humble, intelligent, responsible, courageous, and open-minded man. Also, he was hateful toward demagogy, spread of decadence, and reactionaries. His open-mindedness and pleasant behavior are confirmed by all his pupils.
Political Struggle of Ayatollah Haj Sheikh Hashem Qazvini
During his lifetime, Ayatollah Sheikh Hashem Qazvini had an active presence in all Khorasan’s important political incidents. He was one of the main players in Goharshad incident and also one of the prominent clerics who, before this incident and in Ayatollah Seyyed Younes Ardebili’s house, blamed Reza Shah in a telegraph message for his order of uncovering of veil. For this reason, he and other signatories of the telegraph were arrested on Sunday Rabi al-Thani 12th, 1314/Tuesday March 29th, 1938. Seyyed Younes Ardebili, Seyyed Hashem Najaf Abadi, Seyyed Ali Akbar Khoei (Seyyed Aba al-Qasem’s father), Haj Mirza Habib Maleki, Seyyed Ali Sistani, Sheikh Agha Bozorg Shahroudi, Sheikh Ali Akbar Ashtiani, and Syeed Abdallah Shirazi were other detainees. These detainees were all sent to Tehran overnight.
Ayatollah Qazvini was not allowed to comeback to Mashhad till Shahrivar 1320/ August 1941. Following the downfall of Reza Shah and receiving recommendations of Ayatollah Mirza Mahdi Isfahani and requests of other scholars, he returned to Mashhad and started his teaching.
Finally, Sheikh Hashem Qazvini died on 20th of Rabi al-Thani, 1381/ October 14th 1960. His body was buried in the corridor of Dar al-Ziyafa Portico located in the right side of the golden porch of Razavi Shrine’s Azadi Courtyard.