Shia Islam: The principal beliefs of Shīʿa / 11

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Shafaqna – Shīʿa Islam: History and Doctrines / Ayatullāh Jaʿfar Subḥānī Chapter 11: The principal beliefs of Shīʿa A brief study of the history of religions and sects would reveal that all the sects of Islam were produced as the…

Shia Islam: The Shīʿa under Umayyad and Abbasid Rule / 10

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Shafaqna – Shīʿa Islam: History and Doctrines / Ayatullāh Jaʿfar Subḥānī Chapter 10: The Shīʿa under Umayyad and Abbasid Rule During the reign of ʿAlī, the Shīʿa cause advanced greatly as individuals loyal to ʿAlī occupied…

Shia Islam: Major challenges during Imam ʿAlī’s reign / 9

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Shafaqna – Shīʿa Islam: History and Doctrines / Ayatullāh Jaʿfar Subḥānī Chapter 9: Major challenges during Imam ʿAlī’s reign Even though ʿAlī was chosen as Caliph in a massive gathering in the Prophet’s Mosque, this added…

Shia Islam: Why did Imam ʿAlī remain silent for 25 years? / 8

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Shafaqna – Shīʿa Islam: History and Doctrines / Ayatullāh Jaʿfar Subḥānī Chapter 8: Why did Imam ʿAlī remain silent for 25 years? The validity of the aḥādīth confirming ʿAlī as the Caliph and the Imam is beyond question.…

Shia Islam: Succession in the Teachings of Shi’ism and Sunnism / 7

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Shafaqna – Shīʿa Islam: History and Doctrines / Ayatullāh Jaʿfar Subḥānī Chapter 7: Succession in the Teachings of Shi’ism and Sunnism After the Prophet passed away, his followers unanimously agreed that there should be a successor…

Shia Islam: Baseless theories about the origins of the Shīʿa /6

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Shafaqna – Shīʿa Islam: History and Doctrines / Ayatullāh Jaʿfar Subḥānī Chapter 6: Baseless theories about the origins of the Shīʿa For a long time, theories have been developed to explain the appearance of the Shīʿa. Many of…

Shia Islam: Why did not ʿAlī’s leadership materialize immediately after the Prophet’s death? / 5

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Shafaqna – Shīʿa Islam: History and Doctrines / Ayatullāh Jaʿfar Subḥānī   Chapter 5: Why did not ʿAlī’s leadership materialize immediately after the Prophet’s death? It is sometimes asked why the Prophet’s Companions…

Shia Islam: What the Qur’an and the Sunna say about ʿAlī’s leadership /4

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Shafaqna – Shīʿa Islam: History and Doctrines / Ayatullāh Jaʿfar Subḥānī Chapter 4: What the Qur’an and the Sunna say about ʿAlī’s leadership The intellectual centrality of the Prophet’s Household If the ḥadīth of Manzila,…

Shia Islam: What the Qur’an and the Prophet’s tradition say about succession /3

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Shafaqna – Shīʿa Islam: History and Doctrines / Ayatullāh Jaʿfar Subḥānī Chapter 3: What the Qur’an and the Prophet’s tradition say about succession  The Ḥadīth of Badʾ al-Daʿwa The ḥadīth of Badʾ al-Daʿwa (lit. ‘Beginning…

Shia Islam: The position and responsibilities of the Prophet’s successor / 2

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Shafaqna - Shīʿa Islam: History and Doctrines / Ayatullāh Jaʿfar Subḥānī Chapter 2: The position and responsibilities of the Prophet’s successor During his lifetime, the Prophet fulfilled a number of key roles and responsibilities…

Shia Islam: What does the word Shia mean? /1

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Shafaqna - Shīʿa Islam: History and Doctrines / Ayatullāh Jaʿfar Subḥānī Shīʿa Islam: History and Doctrines Ayatullāh Jaʿfar Subḥānī What does the word Shīʿa mean? The Arabic word, shīʿa, literally denotes ‘a group…