When your kid has a cough, a placebo is better than no treatment at all, according to a new study published in JAMA Pediatrics. Even though standard procedure is to encourage parents to just keep sick children hydrated, researchers say their findings show that a placebo might be the best course of action.
The researchers divided 120 kids under the age of 4 who had a cough into three groups – the first received no treatment, the second received a placebo and the third group was given pasteurized agave nectar by Zarbees Inc., a company that also helped fund the study. The researchers found that those given the placebo or agave coughed less often than kids who were given nothing.
“It is possible that giving a sweet liquid ‘placebo’ is preferred for families and children than doing nothing or, even worse, taking an unnecessary antibiotic,” lead researcher Ian Paul, chief of the Division of Academic General Pediatrics at Penn State College of Medicine, told CBS News.
What ‘Gone Girl’ Does (and Doesn’t) Tell Us About Mental Illness
“Gone Girl’s” Amy Elliot Dunne is a lot of things. She’s beautiful, she’s manipulative, she’s self-centered – and she’s very decidedly not normal.
Dunne alsocouldbe a lot of things. She could be a psychopath, she could have narcissistic personality disorder – or she could just be a girl gone wild.
“People tend to think about this kind of stuff as you’re psychopathic or you’re not, and there really is no bright line in the sand,” says John F. Edens, a psychology professor at Texas A&M University who studies forensic psychology and psychopathy. “It’s really kind of a bell curve in terms of psychopathic traits, kind of like intelligence.” Lots of us have some psychopathic tendencies, he says.
What Can We Learn About Health From the Amish and Inuit?
The differences between the Amish and Inuit are as great as the distance that separates these two cultures. Yet these distinct cultures share one commonality – they both provide excellent examples of how modernization affects our health, writes U.S. News Blogger Heather Hausenblas. Modernization refers to the changing from a rural and farming society to an urban and industrial society. By comparing the Inuit and Amish cultures, the effects of modernization (or resistance to modernization) on health become clear.
The Case of the Inuit
In a landmark series of studies, Roy Shephard and Andris Rode examined the effects of a rapidly changing environment on the Inuit people living in Igloolik, which is located in the northern remote Canadian territory of Nanavut. Ingloolik has a polar climate – for nine months of the year, the average temperature is below freezing.
Historically, the people of Igloolik lived a hunting and trapping lifestyle that required high levels of daily physical activity. However, in the later half of the 20thcentury the Igloolik community went through a rapid period of acculturation to a sedentary lifestyle. In essence, theirhunter-gatherer lifestylequickly shifted to a more mechanized Western world lifestyle, as evidenced by the large increases in snowmobiles, boats, cars and all-terrain vehicles during this time.
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