The writer has claimed that due to his research, he has come to the following conclusions; that the theory of â€œEsmatâ€ or immunity from sin has come about and even grown deeper as time has passed, because of the distance between the people and the Imams. He uses IBN BABWAY and Mofeed as his witnesses.
A belief remains stable throughout the passage of time. Everything else along with time diminishes changes and even vanishes. A true religion does not undergo this element. A true religion remains original. The present day belief of the Shia is consistent with the past. The flow of ages has not decreased nor increased it. That the Shia in the earlier ages did not believe in the â€˜ESMATâ€™; is a statement groundless and unfounded. As they grew distant from the Imams they believed in their â€˜ESMATâ€™. In the words, the factor of this belief is the distance. This way of thinking is utterly ignorant. The Shias have always held the same belief. He has preserved what the school of Imamate or in particular, the school of Imam Jafer Sadiq (AS) has given to him. His belongings are of a known origin and of a trustworthy brand. Likewise the belief of Shaikh Mofeed was not a new one.
The narration, traditions, and interpretations of the Quranic verses have been used as his base. What SADOOQ says in â€˜AYUNâ€™, is not of his invention. What a Moslem knows generally, he has collected in â€˜AYUNâ€™ we do not see a thing of non-existence changing its guise to something of existence. What Shiasm has said is only the echo of what the Prophet (SAW) had uttered or the Imams had told. The issue of ESMAT. The immunity from sin, is no exception to this rule. Sadooq has repudiated the idea. But from his tongue a great many lies are being born. The Prophetâ€™s sayings of THAQALAIN (two heavy things), and his words â€œALI is WITH TRUTH AND TRUTH WITH ALIâ€, â€œALI is WITH THE QURAN AND THE QURAN WITH ALIâ€ all these and several other ones have elucidly expound and enlarged the comprehension and the very gist of ESMAT. The writer asks as to why the Shia paid or pay heed to these words of the Prophet (SAW). Or why they draw a meaning out of the sayings of the prophet or recite the Quran and try to understand it? Why isnâ€™t the writer prepared to conceive that without ESMAT, there can be no Imam or prophet? ESMAT is fundamental and it is the condition that qualities the imam for Imamhood. No one has this except those chosen ones. Then, no one is a prophet or imam except the chosen ones.
Adapted from: “A Reply To Belief Of Mahdism In Shia Imamate” by: “Ayatollah Lutfollah Saafi Golpayegani”