A number of political analysts have stated that President Hamid Karzai did not have a clear foreign policy—especially toward Pakistan and the U.S—during his 13 years of presidency.
Analysts have added that such uncertainty has contributed to the insecurities in Afghanistan because the government failed to identify and define its friends and enemies.
The outgoing president’s policy toward Pakistan is most harshly criticized for its inconsistency. Moreover, his relationship with the west, especially the U.S., has led to tensions, which escalated after the president decided not to sign the Bilateral Security Agreement (BSA).
“In his early days, President Karzai’s foreign policy was very good,” political analyst Ahmad Behzad said. “However, recent tensions with the U.S. have illustrated that the president has not had a clear foreign policy.”
Meanwhile, disagreeing with the analysts, the Director General of the Center for Strategic Studies at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Faramarz Tamanna, stated that the country’s foreign policy has developed quite well in the past 13 years.
“In 2001, Afghanistan came out of a state of isolation. From then to now, the foreign policy has evolved and has now reached a stage of stability,” Tamanna said.
Pressure is now on the next government to build trust between Afghanistan and its western allies to create clear definitions of the country’s friends and enemies.