Date :Sunday, April 15th, 2018 | Time : 22:36 |ID: 61453 | Print

Losses and Gains in Life: Commentary of the Quran (Chapter 2:153-157, Part-2) By: Mohammad Sobhanie

Commentary of the Quran (Chapter 2:153-157, Part-2)

By: Mohammad Sobhanie

Losses and Gains in Life

بِسْمِ اللَّـهِ الرَّحْمَـٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ

يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا اسْتَعِينُوا بِالصَّبْرِ وَالصَّلَاةِ ۚ إِنَّ اللَّـهَ مَعَ الصَّابِرِينَ ﴿١٥٣﴾ وَلَا تَقُولُوا لِمَن يُقْتَلُ فِي سَبِيلِ اللَّـهِ أَمْوَاتٌ ۚ بَلْ أَحْيَاءٌ وَلَـٰكِن لَّا تَشْعُرُونَ ﴿١٥٤﴾ وَلَنَبْلُوَنَّكُم بِشَيْءٍ مِّنَ الْخَوْفِ وَالْجُوعِ وَنَقْصٍ مِّنَ الْأَمْوَالِ وَالْأَنفُسِ وَالثَّمَرَاتِ ۗ وَبَشِّرِ الصَّابِرِينَ ﴿١٥٥﴾ الَّذِينَ إِذَا أَصَابَتْهُم مُّصِيبَةٌ قَالُوا إِنَّا لِلَّـهِ وَإِنَّا إِلَيْهِ رَاجِعُونَ ﴿١٥٦﴾ أُولَـٰئِكَ عَلَيْهِمْ صَلَوَاتٌ مِّن رَّبِّهِمْ وَرَحْمَةٌ ۖ وَأُولَـٰئِكَ هُمُ الْمُهْتَدُونَ ﴿١٥٧

Translation:

2:153 O ye who believe! Seek help with patience, perseverance, and prayer; for Allah is with those who patiently persevere.

2:154 And do not say of those who are slain in the way of Allah, “they are dead.” In fact, they are alive but you do not perceive that life.

2:155 We will certainly test you with some fear and hunger, and some loss of possessions and lives and crops. But give good news to the steadfast (in these trials).

2:156 When a misfortune comes to them, they say, “We are Allah’s and we shall certainly return to Him.”

2:157 Their Lord will bestow great blessings and mercy upon them; such are the people who are rightly guided.

Commentary: In general, mankind gets joy, happiness and empowerment from personal gains, and feels disappointment with personal losses. However, the same person feels indifferent if he becomes a trustee of someone else’s wealth. The reason is that this wealth does not belong to him. Let’s pause for a moment and ask ourselves this question: are we truly the owner of what has been ascribed to us?

The truth is that Allah (SWT) is the creator and real owner of the universe [(فَإِنَّ لِلَّـهِ مَا فِي السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضِ), An-Nisa 4:170]. This includes our wealth, properties, families, health, opportunities, and even ourselves are owned by Allah (SWT). He is the trustor and we are His trustee. That is, He gives us the right to hold on to His properties and we are obliged to spend His assets for the benefit of the beneficiaries that He has designated. Of course, we have to work to attain what He has trusted to give us.

In this world view, Allah (SWT) trusts us with a measured earthly possession for a good reason, and we are responsible to spend it truthfully as He ordained. He can take it away when He desires. With this mindset, one should neither become bold and impudent for worldly gain nor grieve for what has escaped him [Al-Hadid 57:23]:

لِّكَيْلَا تَأْسَوْا عَلَىٰ مَا فَاتَكُمْ وَلَا تَفْرَحُوا بِمَا آتَاكُمْ ۗ وَاللَّـهُ لَا يُحِبُّ كُلَّ مُخْتَالٍ فَخُورٍ ﴿٢٣

57:23 So that you may not grieve for what has escaped you, nor be exultant at what He has given you; and Allah does not love any arrogant boaster.

Instead, we should be content for what we have. Imam Sadiq (AS) narrated that the Prophet (SAWA) in times of ease and comfort would say “Praise be to Allah for His favors”. In times of difficulties, sorrow and grief he used to say “Praise be to Allah at any circumstance” [Al-Kafi, Vol.2, Chapter of gratitude, P.94]:

عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ع قَالَ: كَانَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ص إِذَا وَرَدَ عَلَيْهِ أَمْرٌ يَسُرُّهُ قَالَ الْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ عَلَى هَذِهِ النِّعْمَةِ وَ إِذَا وَرَدَ عَلَيْهِ أَمْرٌ يَغْتَمُّ بِهِ قَالَ- الْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ‏ عَلَى‏ كُلِ‏ حَالٍ‏.

Indeed, the loss of a loved one is calamity [(مُّصِيبَةٌ)] for family members, but loss of lives in the way of Allah (SWT) is a calamity for the whole community. The verse advises us to move forward from grief to divine grace by reminding ourselves that “we belong to Allah and our return is back to Him”.

….. إِنَّا لِلَّـهِ وَإِنَّا إِلَيْهِ رَاجِعُونَ ﴿١٥٦

2:156We are Allah’s and we shall certainly return to Him

We all belong to Allah (SWT); He is our true owner [(إِنَّا لِلَّـهِ)]. He created and brought us to this world at the ordained time. He will also take us to the realm of purgatory, followed by the resurrection, until we will be at His Court of Justice on the Day of Judgment [(وَإِنَّا إِلَيْهِ رَاجِعُونَ)]. In this case, there is nothing one could do to circumvent the loss of a loved one. The Quran, in chapter An-Nisa 4:78, states:

أَيْنَمَا تَكُونُوا يُدْرِككُّمُ الْمَوْتُ وَلَوْ كُنتُمْ فِي بُرُوجٍ مُّشَيَّدَةٍ … ﴿٧٨

4:78 Wherever you might be, death will overtake you even though you be in massive towers…

The good news for the survivors of grief after losing loved ones is that Allah (SWT) promises His blessings and mercy for those who show “sabr” in times of adversity.

…. وَبَشِّرِ الصَّابِرِينَ ﴿١٥٥﴾ الَّذِينَ إِذَا أَصَابَتْهُم مُّصِيبَةٌ قَالُوا إِنَّا لِلَّـهِ وَإِنَّا إِلَيْهِ رَاجِعُونَ ﴿١٥٦﴾ أُولَـٰئِكَ عَلَيْهِمْ صَلَوَاتٌ مِّن رَّبِّهِمْ وَرَحْمَةٌ ۖ وَأُولَـٰئِكَ هُمُ الْمُهْتَدُونَ ﴿١٥٧

2:155 … But give good news to the steadfast (in these trials).  2:156 When a misfortune comes to them, they say, “We are Allah’s and we shall certainly return to Him.”  2:157 Their Lord will bestow great blessings and mercy upon them; such are the people who are rightly guided.

 

 

0 replies

Leave a Reply

Want to join the discussion?
Feel free to contribute!

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *