The ideology serves as a solid foundation for morals because it creates the psychological motive in the human being to keep to high moral values in contrast with positive ideologies which keep peace with manâ€™s lusts and grow the seeds of selfishness which are planted into his own self.
Morals have an exceptional importance in the Islamic ideology. The prophet (S.W.A.) says: â€œI have been sent to complete noble moralsâ€ 209, He (S.W.A.) also said: â€œNoble manners are half of the religionâ€
It is said to Him: What is the best thing a Moslem was given? He said: â€œGood moralsâ€. 210
Islam associates the right religion with morals, the lines of such a viewpoint are manifested through the truth that religion stimulates man to good morals, it purifies oneâ€™s moral constitutions and makes that a duty one has to perform it and it involves reward or punishment. Hence religion has not recommended its ideal moral directives in a manner devoided of responsibility it verily made morals half of religion because religion is a belief and a behavior and morals represent the behavioral side of the individual.
Imam Albaaqir said: â€œThe believer with the most complete faith is him with the best moralsâ€ 211
A person came to the prophet (S.W.A.) from his front side and said: O the Prophet of Allah, what is religion? The Prophet (S.W.A.) said: â€œgood moralityâ€ then he came to him from the right side and said: what is religion? He (S.W.A.) said: â€œgood moralityâ€ then he came to him from his left side and said: what is religion? The prophet (S.W.A.) said: â€œgood moralityâ€ then he came to him from the back wards and said: what is religion? The Prophet (S.W.A.) turned his face to him and said: donâ€™t you understand religion? It is not to become angryâ€ 212
Ameeralmuâ€™amineen (A.S.) said: â€œThe title of a believerâ€™s page is his good morals.â€ 213
The Scholar Altabatabaaei says: â€œMorals do not meet the need of the society for happiness and do not urge man on good behavior unless they are founded on monotheism-which is the belief that there is a creator for this world- and man is a part of it- He is a single everlasting Creator, and nothing is out of his knowledge.
He can not be overcome in His omnipotence, He had created things in the best order not because of His need to them, He will return them to Him and call them to account rewarding the good-doer for his good deeds and punishing the bad-doer for his bad deeds then they will be immortalized either in happiness or in misery.
It is known that when the morals depend on this ideology there would remain no purpose for human being except observing Allahâ€™s contentment in his deeds; and piety becomes an inner deterrent from committing crimes.
Were it not for the sucking of morals from the chest of this belief- the belief of monotheism- there would remain no aim for man in his important actions except enjoying the desires of this transient world and relishing the prleasures of material lifeâ€ 214
The atheistic beliefs, by abolishing the feeling of association with the perfect Creator, the unlimited ideal, the feeling of His observation and calling to account, had abolished the basic foundation of morals; they couldnâ€™t make up for it with another foundation like it in strength.
Morals are asocial necessity; it is like a safety valve against the trend of evil concealed in the human being, which motivates him to harm his brothers. So the social building without the system of morals is like building on a sand hill, Ameeralmuâ€™amineen (A.S.) said: â€œIf we did not hope a paradise and did not fear a Hell, nor reward or punishment we should have sought good morals, as they guide to the path of successâ€ 215
209. Kenzel Aumaal 11: 240/ 31969.
210. Rawzatel Waaeizeen: Al Fattaal alnisabouri: 376- Aleazzi Qum.
211. Ausoul Alkaafi: 2: 99/ 1 Ketaab aleimaan Walkufur..
212. Almehajjah Albaizaâ€™a 5: 89.
213. Tuhafil Aâ€™ukool: 200.
214. Almeezaan fi tefseerel Qurâ€™an, Alaamah Altabatabaei 11: 157. Alaâ€™alemi foundation edition 3.
215. Mustadrekel wasseil: 2: 283.
Adapted from: “The Role of Ideology in Constructing The Human Being” by: “Ar-Risaleh Center”