SHAFAQNA- Grand Ayatullah Sayyed Muhammad Sa’eed Hakim has responded to a few questions on the sale and donation of organs and blood. Following is the text of the questions and answers:
Question: Is the sale of kidney and other organs permissible, whether the seller is in urgent need or not, and what is the general rule on this issue?
Answer: Based on compulsory precaution (Ihtiat Wajib), the sale of organs is not permissible, principally those organs that are probably indispensable to biological life (like kidney), and if it is feared that by doing so, one’s health will be compromised, it would be unlawful.
Question: Is it permissible to donate a kidney [while the owner is alive]?
Answer: Yes, it is permissible to save a life of a devotee if the donor is not subject to danger.
Question: Is it permissible to donate your organs after you die to rescue a human life?
Answer: No individual has the authority over his/her body after death. So they do not have the right to donate “in the will” the organs to anyone after their death. Yes, it is permissible to use the organs of a deceased person if the survival of a Muslim life depends on such usage.
Question: Is it permissible for me to donate blood when knowing that it may go to non-Muslims?
Answer: Yes, it is permissible.