SHAFAQNA – The religious authority Ayatullah Seyyed Sadeq Rouhani has responded to a question on the way a Shia Muslim should treat a Sunni Muslim.
The following is the text of the question:
How Should a Shia Muslim treat a Sunni Muslim?
The following is Ayatullah Rouhani’s reply:
In his great name; I refer you to a few Quranic verses, and Shia Muslims are supposed to act according to them.
Allah states in verse 103 of Surah al-Omran:
«وَاعْتَصِمُواْ بحَبْلِ اللّهِ جَمِيعًا وَلاَ تَفَرَّقُواْ وَاذْكُرُواْ نِعْمَةَ اللّهِ عَلَيْكُمْ إِذْ كُنتُمْ أَعْدَاء فَأَلَّفَ بَيْنَ قُلُوبكُمْ فَأَصْبَحْتُم بنِعْمَتِهِ إِخْوَانًا وَكُنتُمْ عَلَىَ شَفَا حُفْرَةٍ مِّنَ النَّارِ فَأَنقَذَكُم مِّنْهَا كَذَلِكَ يُبَيِّنُ اللّهُ لَكُمْ آيَاتِهِ لَعَلَّكُمْ تَهْتَدُونَ».
“And hold firmly to the rope of Allah all together and do not become divided. And remember the favor of Allah upon you – when you were enemies and He brought your hearts together and you became, by His favor, brothers. And you were on the edge of a pit of the Fire, and He saved you from it. Thus does Allah make clear to you His verses that you may be guided.”
And Allah also states in verse 46 of Surah al-Anfal:
«وَأَطِيعُواْ اللّهَ وَرَسُولَهُ وَلاَ تَنَازَعُواْ فَتَفْشَلُواْ وَتَذْهَبَ رِيحُكُمْ وَاصْبرُواْ إِنَّ اللّهَ مَعَ الصَّابرِينَ».
“And obey Allah and His Messenger, and do not dispute and [thus] lose courage and [then] your strength would depart; and be patient. Indeed, Allah is with the patient.”
And it is stated in verse 159 of Surah al-An’am:
«إِنَّ الَّذِينَ فَرَّقُواْ دِينَهُمْ وَكَانُواْ شِيَعًا لَّسْتَ مِنْهُمْ فِي شَيْءٍ إِنَّمَا أَمْرُهُمْ إِلَى اللّهِ ثُمَّ يُنَبِّئُهُم بمَا كَانُواْ يَفْعَلُونَ».
“Indeed, those who have divided their religion and become sects – you, [O Muhammad], are not [associated] with them in anything. Their affair is only [left] to Allah ; then He will inform them about what they used to do.”
And there are other frequently narrated ayahs and riwayas which invite Muslims to unity and solidarity, and the juristic rule of “Taqiyah (or suppression of one’s beliefs) out of tolerance” renders this inference credible and reasonable.