SHAFAQNA – Many words are used in Qur’an and Ahadith (traditions) for the Day of Judgement and the things related with it. Some of them are explained here:
Al-‘Akhirah: The next (world), the (life) hereafter. Its opppsites are al-‘ula (the first world) and ad-dunya (the nearer world), both of which refer to this world in which we presently live. Allah says:
“All praise is due to Him in the first (life) and the hereafter, and His is the Judgement, and to Him you shall be brought back.” (Qur’an 28:70).
Qiyamah: Resurrection. ‘Yaumul-Qiyamah: The Day of Resurrection.
“So Allah shall Judge between you on the Day of Resurrection” (Qur’an 4:141).
Yaumud-Din: The Day of Judgement.
“The Master of the Day of Judgement.” (Qur’an 1:4).
Yaumul-Hisab: The Day of Reckoning.
“And Musa said: Surely I take refuge with my Lord and your Lord from every proud one who does not believe in the day of reckoning.”(Qur’an 40:27).
As-Sa’ah: The Hour; the Time of Resurrection and Reckoning.
“And because the hour is coming, there is no doubt about it; and because Allah shall raise up those who are in the graves.”( Qur’an 22:7).
Yaumul-Fasi: The Day of Separation (between good and evil): the Day of decision.
“Surely the day of decision is (a day) appointed.” (Qur’an 78:17).
Al-Haqqah: The thing (or day) that verifies (the truth of what men doubted about); the sure thing:
“The sure thing! What is the sure thing? And what would make you realize what the sure thing is!” (Qur’an 69:1-3).
Yaumul-Ba’th: The Day of Renaissance (coming to life again).
“So this is the Day of Resurrection, but you did not know”( Qur’an 30:56).
Al- Hashr: The Emigration; The gathering.
“The Day on which the earth shall cleave asunder under them, they will make haste; this is a gathering together easy to us.” (Qur’an 50:44).
An- Nushur: The Rising (the dead to life).
“Even so is the quickening (raising the dead)”( Qur’an 35:9).
All these names and words point to one or more aspects of the Islamic belief that life in this world is not an end in itself; that there is a life-hereafter; that all human beings will be resurrected one day, and brought together to account for their beliefs and deeds; that it will be a day which will separate good from evil and all will be rewarded or punished according to their belief and deeds.