SHAFAQNA -Â Hundreds of thousands in Uganda have joined other Muslims across the world in marking the end of the holy month of Ramadan. As PressTV News correspondent Daniel Arapmoi reports, top Clerics in the country are urging Muslims to unite in the face of persecution and cold murders.
Islam had arrived in Uganda from the north and through inland networks of the East African coastal trade by the mid-nineteenth century. Some Baganda Muslims trace their familyâ€™s conversion to the period in which the kabaka Mutesa I converted to Islam in the nineteenth century.
When Idi Amin, a Ugandan Muslim, became president in 1971, his presidency seemed to be a victory for Ugandaâ€™s Muslim community. Then in 1972, Aminâ€™s expulsion of Asians from Uganda reduced the Muslim population significantly. As his administration deteriorated into a brutal and unsuccessful regime, Ugandaâ€™s Muslims began to distance themselves from those in power.
After Aminâ€™s overthrow in 1979, Muslims became the victims of the backlash that was directed primarily against the Kakwa and Nubian ethnic groups who had supported Amin. Yusuf Lule, who served a brief term as president from 1979 to 1980, was also a Muslim (and a Muganda). He was not a skillful politician, but he was successful in reducing the public stigma attached to Islam.
In 1989 President Yoweri Museveni appealed to Ugandaâ€™s Muslim community to contribute to national reconstruction, and he warned other Ugandans not to discriminate against Muslims. But at the same time, Museveni admonished Ugandans to avoid â€œsectarianâ€ allegiances, and this warning was directed at the Islamic community as well as other ethnic and religious groups.
The Islamic University in Uganda is one of Ugandaâ€™s premier institutes of Islamic teaching. It is located in Mbale in the foothills of Mount Elgon.