SHAFAQNA (Shia International News Association)
Balochistan is the restive Part of Pakistan since its independence. It has faced four military expeditions since accession to Pakistan respectively in 1968, 1973, 1977 and final by Pervez Musharraf in 2002 in which knight of Bugti tribe Akbar Bugti was killed. Balochistan is rich with natural resources and the basic problem in Balochistan is poverty and deprivation. The local tirbes including Marri, Bugti, Bizenjo, Chandio and Jahkrani have shown discontent to the state policies leading to an armed struggle against the state of Pakistan. They are four: Baloch Khan, commander of the Balochistan Liberation Army (BLA), and Mama, Hayder and Mohamed, his three escorts, who do not want to disclose their full names. Their main concern is right of autonomy and missing persons. The Voice for Baloch Missing Persons, a group advocating peaceful protest founded by some of the families of the disappeared, puts the number of people from Balochistan since 2000 at more than 19,000, although exact figures are impossible to verify because no independent investigation has yet been conducted. Baloch insurgent groups, however, have also been accused of murdering civilians. In August 2013, the BLA took responsibility for the killing of 13 people after the two buses they were travelling in were stopped by fighters in Mach area, about 50km (31 miles) south-east of the provincial capital, Quetta. “Pakistan is breeding fundamentalists to counter the Baloch nationalist movement but it has entirely failed. Now they are trying to use the instrument of religion in order to distract attention from the Baloch freedom movement but there is no success. It seems that Pakistan’s establishment has completely failed to bring fighting groups to mainstream. Untill and unless they provide a complete autonomy to the Baluchistan insurgence in the province cannot be quelled.