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Imam Ali’s (AS) will to Imam Hassan (AS) and Imam Hussain (AS)

Imam Ali's will to Hassan and Hussain

Shafaqna English- What follows is a part of the book Nahjul-Balaghah, the most famous collection of sermons, letters, Tafsirs and stories attributed to Imam Ali (AS). It was collected by Al-Sharif Al-Radhi, the Shia Scholar of the tenth century. Known for its eloquent content, it is considered as a masterpiece of literature in Shia Islam, ranked third behind the Qur’an and prophetic narratives. This is the 47th letter of this book, selected by SHAFAQNA.

Imam Ali’s (A.S) will to Imam Hassan (AS) and Imam Hussain (AS) after he was wounded by Abdal-Rahman b. Muljam whilst offered the morning prayers in the Mosque of Kufa: I advise you (both) to fear Allah (SWT) and that you should not hanker after the (pleasures of this) world even though it may run after you. Do not be sorry for anything of this world that you have been denied. Speak the truth and act (in expectation) for reward. Be an enemy of the oppressor and helper of the oppressed.

I advise you (both) and all my children and members of my family and everyone whom my writing reaches, to fear Allah (SWT), to keep your affairs in order, and to maintain good relations among yourselves for I have heard your grand-father (the Holy Prophet (PBUH) saying: “Improvement of mutual differences is better than general prayers and fasting.”

(Fear) Allah (SWT), keep Allah (SWT) in view in the matter of orphans. So do not allow them to starve and they should not be ruined in your presence. (Fear) Allah (SWT) (and) keep Allah (SWT) in view in the matter of your neighbours, because they were the subject of the Prophet’s (PBUH) advice. He went on advising in their favour till we thought he would allow them a share in inheritance.

(Fear) Allah (SWT) (and) keep Allah (SWT) in view in the matter of the Quran. No one should excel you in acting upon it. (Fear) Allah (SWT) (and) keep Allah (SWT) in view in the matter of prayer, because it is the pillar of your religion. (Fear) Allah (SWT) (and) keep Allah (SWT) in view in the matter of your Lord’s House (Ka’bah). Do not forsake it so long as you live, because if it is abandoned you will not be spared.

(Fear) Allah (SWT) (and) keep Allah (SWT) in view in the matter of Jihad with the help of your property, lives and tongues in the way of Allah (SWT). You should keep to a respect for kinship and spending for others. Avoid turning away from one another and severing mutual relations. Do not give up bidding for good and forbidding from evil lest the mischievous gain positions over you, and then if you will pray, the prayers will not be granted.

Then he said: O’ sons of `Abdul-Muttalib (RA), certainly I do not wish to see you plunging harshly into the blood of Muslims shouting “Amiral-mu’minin has been killed.” Beware, do not kill on account of me except my killer. Wait till I die by his (Ibn Muljam’s) existing stroke. Then strike him one stroke for his stroke and do not dismember the limbs of the man, for I have heard the Messenger of Allah (SWT) saying, “Avoid cutting limbs even though it may be a rabid dog.”

Read more from Shafaqna:

A mot from Nahj Al-Balagha: I impart to you five things

A mot from Nahj Al-Balagha: The tragedy of the Prophet’s death in Imam Ali’s expression

A mot from Nahj Al-Balagha: The best abstemiousness is to conceal it

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