Commentary of the Quran (Chapter 2:4, Part-1) – By: Mohammad Sobhanie

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Shafaqna (International Shia News Agency)

Commentary of the Quran (Chapter 2:4, Part-1)

By: Mohammad Sobhanie

 

Characteristics of Righteous People

Believing in all Divine Messengers

 

بِسْمِ اللَّـهِ الرَّحْمَـٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ

وَالَّذِينَ يُؤْمِنُونَ بِمَا أُنزِلَ إِلَيْكَ وَمَا أُنزِلَ مِن قَبْلِكَ وَبِالْآخِرَةِ هُمْ يُوقِنُونَ ﴿٤

Translation: And (the righteous people are those) who believe in that (Quran) which has been revealed to you (Mohammad) and that (scriptures) which was revealed (to messengers) before you, and they are sure of the hereafter.

Commentary: The righteous people believe in the Quran and all preceding divine scriptures such as the Torah of Prophet Musa, the Bible of Prophet Jesus, and the Psalms of Prophet David.1

The Quran confirms the existence of previous divine messengers, as well as their books and miracles2. In fact, five chapters in the Quran are named after the Prophets Yunus, Hud, Yusuf, Ibrahim and Noah.  The Quran further describes the lives and legacies of a total of twenty-seven prophets preceding Mohammad and highlights their noble characteristics and virtues.

The Torah and Bible also confirmed the coming of Prophet Mohammad.  This fact clearly is stated in Chapter “as-Safff” verse 6:

And remember, Jesus, the son of Mary, said: “O Children of Israel! I am the messenger of Allah (sent) to you, confirming the Law (which came) before me, and giving Glad Tidings of a Messenger to come after me, whose name shall be Ahmad.”

Allah sent 1240003 messengers since the creation of Prophet Adam to guide mankind to eternal prosperity. All prophets’ shared the same objectives, to guide people to obey Allah and to be morally upright.4 Therefore, there were no differences amongst messengers in their truthfulness, legitimacy, goal or mission.1 However, some messengers held higher ranks over others.5 The preceding messengers’ mission was limited to their own era and region;6 whereas, Prophet Mohammad’s mission was intended for all future mankind.7 As the last messenger of Allah, he was sent as a mercy for all the worlds.8

In conclusion, belief and respect towards all divine messengers is one of tenets Islam, and Allah recognizes his messengers’ efforts to fulfill their noble objective.9

References:

  1. 1. The Quran [2:285]
  2. 2. [2:136] & [4:163]
  3. 3. Al-Mizan, Volume 2, P144
  4. 4. [98:5]
  5. 5. [2:253]
  6. 6. [7:59]
  7. 7. [33:40] [7:158] [34:28] [6:19]
  8. 8. [21:107]
  9. 9. [37:181]

 

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