If the issue of hypocrisy is a case of an external body living within the community of Muslims, then, the dissention and conflict from within the Islamic community and or between individual members arises because of different causes, which includes ignorance and misunderstand-ing, difference of opinion and multiplicity of views and selfish interests and love of the worldly vanities such as power, popularity, position, material gains, tribal feelings and other causes of conflicts and differences.
During the time of the Holy Prophet (s.a.w.), the Islamic society and the Muslims had faced different problems and conflicts in various situations. The most dangerous were what the Muslims encountered during the battle of Uhud, the conflict between the (Meccan) Emigrants and the (Madinites) Helpers, the efforts exterted by the hypocrites and the Jews to incite ancient tribal feuds and other similar situations. The Holy Qur’an made mention of these incidents and warned and enjoined the Muslims to safeguard themselves gainst political, social and ideological differences.
“â€¦and quarrel you not, for then you will be weakened in heart, and will depart your power”. Holy Qur’an (anfal 8: 46)
“And in whatever thing you differ, its decision is unto Allah.” Holy Qur’an (Shura 42: 10)
The danger of conflicts becomes even more seri-ous when it arises from personal aggrandizement, selfish desire, love of the world and bigotry, which has been disapproved by Islam; and then disguised as a thought, theorized about and presented as a matter of viewpoint and an issue of academic or practical conviction. The Holy Qur’an not only disallowed conflict and dissension, but, also enjoined unity, loyalty and hold-ing fast to the rope of Allah, saying: “And hold you fast by the cord of Allah alltoge-ther, and be not divided (among yourselves).” Holy Qur’an (Al-e-Imran 3: 103)
“And the believer men and the believer women, they are guardians to one another.” Holy Qur’an (Tawba: 9: 71)
Adapted from: “The Methods Of Propagation and Missionary Work” by: “Sayyid Bahashti”