SHAFAQNA – Prophet Adam is the father of mankind whom God created out of clay and blew His spirit into it after forty years hence his body systems started functioning. Then God order angels to prostrate before him. All angels prostrated before Adam except Eblis.
“And when We said to the angels: Make obeisance to Adam, they did obeisance, But Eblis (did it not). He refused and he was proud and he was one of the unbelievers.” (2:34)
Then God made Adam and Eve settle in paradise and bewared them of the Satan’s deceit making all the heavenly blessings except wheat permissible for them to eat. Nevertheless, Adam and Eve were finally deceived by Satan, abandoned a recommended act, ate wheat and thus were expelled from paradise. Later they repented and God accepted their repentance making them settle on the earth. Eventually Adam passed away in Mecca after ten days of illness at the age of 930, 936, or 1030 and was buried in a valley of Abo-Ghabiss Mountain.
Eve too became sick within a year and passed away after fifteen days and was buried near the tomb at Adam. According to some historians, Prophet Noah took Adam’s coffin to the city of Najaf where it was buried.
In the exegesis of verses 20- 21 of the Quranic chapter — al-Taj — it has been pointed out that when Prophet Adam and Eve ate from the Forbidden Tree, they became unclad and their privy parts became manifest.
Adam was fleeing in paradise. Calling him, God Almighty said: O Adam! Are you running away from Me? Adam said: No, I am rather ashamed of you. At this time, Adam made use of tree leaves and covered his privy parts with them.
ذَهَبَ آدَمُ هَارِبًا في الجَنَّةِ فَناداهُ رَبُّهُ : أَن يا آدمُ ، مِنّي تَفِرُّ ؟ قالَ : لا يا رَبِّ ولكِن حَياءً مِنكِ .
There is no god save You, glory be to you O God, and I praise You, I have done wrong and been unjust to myself, therefore forgive me and have mercy on me, for, You are truly the Most Merciful of the merciful ones.
There is no god but You, glory be to You O God and I praise You, I have done wrong and been unjust to myself, therefore, return to me mercifully, for, You are the Most Merciful of the merciful ones.
In Safi Exegesis, it has also been pointed out: Those words were the above and the following:
Having prostrated, Adam raised his head towards heaven and said: O God! Add to my beauty. Then in the morning, Adam had beard. He rubbed his hand on it asking: O God! what is this? God said: This is a beard. I have adorned you and your sons with it till the Day or Judgment.
God Almighty made Eve of the remain of Adam’s clay in His shape. One day God made Adam to be overtaken by sleep showing Eve to him in his dream. This was the first dream on the earth. When Adam woke up, Eve was sitting at the top of his bed. At this moment, God Asked: O Adam! Who is this women sitting near you? Adam said: The one You showed me in my dream. Then Adam became acquainted with Eve and thanked God.
It has been reported that some of Adam’s younger children were going up and down his body, one of then using Adam’s ribs as ladder for going up to his head and coming down the same way but Adam had lowered his head saying nothing nor raising his head. An elder son of Adam said: O father, can’t you see what he is doing to you? You should forbid him to do so. Adam said: O my son, you have not seen what I have seen and you do not know what I know. I made a move by which I fell from the abode of honor to the abode of abjection and from the abode of blessings to the abode of wretchedness. Hence, I am afraid of doing something which will bring affliction upon me.
وَرُوي أَنَّ آدمَ عَليهِ السَّلامُ كانَ بَعضُ أَولادِهِ الصّغارِ يَصعَدُونَ عَلى بَدَنِه وَيَنزلُونَ ، يَجعَلُ أَحدَهُم رِجلهُ عَلى أَضْلاعِهِ كَهيئةِ الدَّرَجِ فَيَصْعَدُ إِلى رَأْسِهِ ثُمّ يَنزِلُ عَلى أَضْلاعِهِ كذلِك وَهُوَ مُطرِقٌ إِلى الأَرْضِ لا ينطِقَ ولا يَرفَعُ رأَسهُ ، فَقالَ لهُ بَعضُ أَولادِهِ الكِبارِ : يا أَبتِ أَما ترى ما يَصنعُ هذا بكَ لَو نَهيتَهُ عَن هذا ، فَقالَ : يا بُني إِنِّي رَأَيتُ ما لَم تَرَوا وَعلِمتُ ما لَم تَعْلَمُوا إِنّي تَحَرَّكتُ حَركةً واحِدةً فَأُهْبِطْتُ مِن دارِ الكَرامَةِ إِلى دارِ الهَوانِ وَمن دارِ النَّعيمِ إِلى دارِ الشَّقاءِ فأَخَافُ أَن أَتَحَرَّكُ حَركةً أُخرى فَيصيبَني ما لا أَعلَمُ .
When dying, Prophet Adam made a sermon to his children and said: Praise is due to the lord of the worlds who created me with His own hands, made my creation perfect, fashioned me in the best way, honored me with His angels’ prostration, taught me all the names and made me settle in paradise. However, He had created me not only for a few days. Nevertheless, what he had willed, happened to me.
Therefore, praise is due to Him who removed pollution from me, favored me with His attention to my awe and weeping, accepted my repentance, guided me to His obedience and made me firm in it following my sin, and aided me in fighting my enemy — Eblis — after I had obeyed Him. I bear witness that there is no god but Allah, He is One, there is no partner for Him, He is Eternal after the annihilation of all creatures.
It has been reported on the authority of Imam Baqer : When Adam made ka’ba and circumbulated it, he said: O Lord, there is a reward for every worker. I too have worked. He was told: Ask for whatever you wish. Adam said: O God, forgive my sin. He was told: You have been forgiven. Adam said: forgive the sin of my offspring. who will come after me. He was told: O Adam! Whoever confesses his sin, here, as you have hone, I will forgive his sin.
When children of Prophet Adam multiplied, one day they were talking before him and he was silent. They said: O father! What is the matter with you that you do not speak? He said: O my sons! When Allah, Great be His Glory, expelled me from His presence, He claimed my promise saying: Talk little so that you will return to Me.
Prophet Adam became sick for eleven days enjoining his son, Sheth, to keep his knowledge hidden from Cain and his children, for it was because of jealousy that Cain killed Abel. Adam had devoted knowledge to Abel. It was for this reason that Sheth and his children had kept their knowledge hidden from Cain and his children who did not have a share of it.
When Adam’s death drew near, he gathered all his children informing and recommending them of the result of good deeds. An advice of his to the children was: Think of whatever you wish to do beforehand, for, if I had done so, I was not afflicted with what afflicted me.
It has been reported on the authority of Imam Baqer: Allah— Glorified and Honored —, presented the names of the Prophets and their lifetime. Coming to the lifetime of Prophet David, Adam found out that David’s lifetime was only forty years. So Adam said: How short the lifetime of David and how long my lifetime is? Will You add to David’s lifetime if I give away a few years of mine? God said: Yes, O Adam. Adam said: Give thirty years of my lifetime to David. Fix it for him and deduct it from my lifetime.
When the angel of death was taking the life of Adam, he was engaged in Tasbeeh (saying praise is due to Allah), and Taqdeess (saying no god but Allah). At this time Gabriel said to the angel of death: O angel of death! Be lenient to him. Do you know him? He is Adam whom God made with His own Hands and into him blew of His own Spirit ordering us to prostrate before him and gave him an abode in paradise. Adam kept praising God till the angel of death took his life.
When Adam was dying, Gabriel along with the angel of death were beside his bed and other angels had surrounded him. At this moment, Gabriel asked Adam: How is your situation? Adam said: It is extremely painful. Furthermore, the agony stands between me and prayer.
https://en.shafaqna.com/wp-content/uploads/2017/12/is-113.jpg309615catherinehttps://en.shafaqna.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/02/new-logo-s-2.pngcatherine2017-12-22 09:40:272017-12-22 09:40:27The Ethos Of Prophet Adam