The Fourfold Characteristics Of The Prophets

SHAFAQNA – It has been narrated on the authority of Imam Sadeq peace be upon him: Patience, truthfulness, forbearance and good temper are some of the characteristics of the Prophets.

Visitation

It has been reported on the authority of the holy Prophet of Islam : The best habit of Prophets and the righteous ones is visitation of one another for the sake of God.

Cheerfulness And Shaking Hand

Jaber Ibn Abdollah Anseri has quoted the holy Prophet as saying: A sign of Prophets and the righteous ones was that when they met, cheerfulness was seen from their faces and they shook hands.

عَنْ جابِرِ بنِ عَبدِ اللّهِ الأَنْصاري، عَن النَّبيّ صلَّى اللّه عَلَيهِ وَآلهِ: مِنْ أَخْلاقِ النّبيّينَ وَالصِّدِّيقِينَ: الْبَشَاشَةُ إِذا تراءُوا، وَالمُصَافَحَةُ إِذا تَلاقَوا.

The Prophets’ Dislike Of Affectation And Undue Trouble

The holy Prophet has said: “We Prophets, the Trustworthy and the pious ones do not like affectation and undue trouble”.

قَالَ النَّبيُّ صَلَّى اللّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلهِ : نَحْنُ مَعاشِرَ الأَنْبِياءِ وَ الأُمناءِ وَ الأَتْقِياء بُرَآءُ مِنَ التَّكَلّفِ.

Prophets And Moral Virtues

Imam Sadeq has said: God Almighty has made Prophets distinguished for their moral virtues. whoever has such virtues must be thankful to God and whoever lacks them has to beseech God for them. Imam Sadeq was asked: What are moral virtues? The Imam said: Piety, moderation in spending patience, thankfulness, forbearance, modesty, generosity, courage, zeal, truthfulness, benefaction, trustworthiness, certainty, good temper, and fairness”.

قالَ الصّادقُ عَلَيهِ السَّلامُ : إِنَّ اللّه خصَّ الأَنْبِياءَ عَلَيْهِمُ السَّلامُ بِمَكارِمِ الأَخْلاق فَمَنْ كانَتْ فيهِ فَليَحْمَدِ اللّه عَلى ذلكَ وَمَنْ لمْ تَكُنْ فيهِ فَلْيَتَضَرَّعْ إِلى اللّهِ وَلِيَسْأَلهُ إِيَّاها، قيلَ لَهُ: وَما هِيَ؟ قَالَ عَلَيهِ السَّلامُ: الوَرَعُ وَالْقَناعَةُ وَالصَّبْرُ وَالشُّكْرُ وَالحِلْمُ وَالحَياءُ وَالسَّخاءُ وَالشَّجاعَةُ وَالغَيْرَةُ وَصِدْقُ الحديث وَالبرُّ وَأَداءُ الأَمانَةِ وَالْيَقِينُ وَحُسنُ الخُلُقِ وَالْمُرُوءة.

Prophet’s Salient Characteristics

Imam Sadeq has said: The Prophets, four salient characteristics are: 1- Benefaction:2- Generosity:3- Patience during disaster and unpleasant events:4- Act in relation to a believer’s right.

قَالَ الصَّادِقُ عَلَيْهِ السَّلامُ: أَرْبَعَةٌ مِنْ أَخْلاقِ الأَنْبِياءِ عَلَيْهِمُ السَّلامُ: البِرُّ وَالسَّخاءُ وَالصَّبرُ عَلَى النّائِبةِ وَالقِيامُ بِحَقِّ الْمُؤمِنِ.

To Perfume The Whisker

It has been reported on the authority of Imam Sadeq : “To perfume the whisker is the habit of Prophets and respect for the honorable recorders.”

عَنِ أَبي عَبدِ اللّهِ عَلَيْهِ السَّلامُ قالَ: الطّيبُ في الشَّاربِ مِن أَخْلاقِ النَّبِيِّينَ وَكَرامَةُ الكاتِبينَ.

Cleanliness

It has been reported on the authority of Imam Reza : “Cleanliness is one of the characteristics of the Prophets.”

عَنِ الرِّضا عَلَيْهِ السَّلامُ: مِنْ أَخْلاقِ الأَنبِياءِ التَّنَظُّفُ.

To Have Walking Stick

The holy Prophet has said to have a walking stick is a sign of a believer and the habit of the Prophets. In another hadith, we read: “Leaning against a walking stick is a habit of the Prophets.”

قالَ رَسُولُ اللّهُ عَلَيْهِ وآلهِ: حَمْلُ الْعَصا عَلامَةُ الْمُؤمِنِ وَسُنَّةُ الأَنْبِيَاءِ و في رِوايَةٍ أُخْرى: التَّوكُّؤُ عَلَى الْعصا مِن أَخلاقِ الأَنْبِياء.

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