SHAFAQNA – It’s International Human Rights Day today – so here’s everything you need to know.
What is Human Rights Day?
Human Rights Day is celebrated every year on December 10, the day on which, in 1948, the UN adopted the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.
So what’s the Universal Declaration of Human Rights?
The Declaration sets out a common standard that every country should strive to achieve, regarding human rights.
Article 1 simply reads: ‘All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.’
That’s something we can all get on board with, right?
What does the day celebrate?
This year, Human Rights Day marks the start of a year-long celebration marking the 50-year anniversary since the two Covenants (the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights and the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights) were added to the Declaration to form the International Bill of Human Rights.
This year, the theme of the event is focusing on rights and freedoms, including freedom of speech, freedom of worship and freedom from fear and want – all very relevant topics today.
So why do we still need it?
You’d think that 50 years on from the International Bill of Human Rights that we’d have got the hang of it by now, wouldn’t you?
But here are some stories from this week alone that demonstrate breaches of human rights, according to the original Universal Declaration of Human Rights.
Donald Trump wants America to close its borders to all Muslims
This breaks Article 2 (‘Everyone is entitled to all the rights and freedoms set forth in this Declaration, without distinction of any kind, such as… religion’) and Article 14 (‘Everyone has the right to seek and to enjoy in other countries asylum from persecution’).
A couple kept a man as a slave for 24 years in the UK
Article 4 clearly states ‘No one shall be held in slavery or servitude’, and yet figures from 2013 estimate that around 30 million people worldwide are held in slavery.
It’s estimated that there are up to 4,600 slaves currently in the UK.
Only three out of 43 UK police forces are equipped to deal with forced marriage
Article 16 states that ‘Marriage shall be entered into only with the free and full consent of the intending spouses.’
And yet forced marriage – often involving underage girls – is alarmingly prevalent across the world, with 1,302 recorded in the UK in 2013.
In fact, forced marriage was only officially made illegal in the UK in 2012.
Rio Olympics linked to human rights violations
A report published this week reveals that the people behind the 2016 Rio Olympics are guilty of, among other violations, evictions (breaking Article 17), police violence (which breaks multiple Articles) and poor labour conditions (breaking Article 23).
Attacks on human rights campaigners in Vietnam
This week Amnesty International called for Vietnamese authorities to put an end to the violent attacks on human rights campaigners that have become increasingly prevalent in the country.