Imam Musa Kazim moral , Generosity and Struggle for the Life

SHAFAQNA – Imam’s (A.S.) Moral Specifications

The Imam (A.S.) had a lean and thin body but a very strong and powerful soul. He used to put on rough clothes under his dress. He walked on foot, saluted the people, loved his family members and respected them. He was thoughtful and consider ant about the poor and afflicted ones. During the nights he carried food upon his shoulders to distribute among the needy without being discovered who he was and he gave monthly stipend to few of them.

One of the friends of Imam says about his forbearance and patience that, “the enemy use to feel shy and ashamed by his morality and nice behavior.” There lived a man in Madina, whenever he saw the Imam (A.S.) he would stop him and use foul language about him. The friends of Imam (A.S.) said, “permit us to reprimand him.” Imam (A.S.) said, “Leave him alone and do not bother him.” A few days passed and there were no news about him. Imam (A.S.) enquired after his health. They said he has gone out of Madina towards his agricultural fields. Imam (A.S.) rode upon the horse and moved towards the fields. When that man saw the Imam he shouted from a distance “Do not enter my field I am an enemy of you and your fore fathers.”

Imam came near him. Saluted and enquired after his health and well-being and said kindly to him, “How much have you spent over these fields.” He replied, “A hundred dinars.” He asked, “How much profit do you expect from it.” He said, “Two hundred dinars.” Imam took out a bag containing three hundred dinars and gave it to him and said, “Take this amount and the agricultural (products) fields may also be yours.”

The rude and impudent man who had been taking liberties with Imam (A.S.) for a long time, and did not expect such a thing, was very much ashamed. When Imam (A.S.) returned to Madina he said, “Repulse the evil from yourself in this way.” This is the very reason why Imam (A.S.) became known by the title of “Kazim.” Meaning thereby one who suppresses his anger when disturbed and uneasy. He repaid evils with goodness and virtue. So that he put his enemies to shame.

Imam used to show love and warm feeling to his relative and said, “Be there any amount of enmity between the relatives. But if they shake hands while they see each other their enmity will finish up, and all of them will have the feelings of comfort and enjoyment.”

Imam’s Generosity

Imam (A.S.) was famous and well known among the people for his generosity and munificence such as; he set free one thousand slaves. He used to help those in distress and involved in problems and paid their debts.

Ibn-e-Sheher Ashoob narrates that one-day “Mansoor” summoned Imam (A.S.) to his court and asked him to be seated there on the day of Nauroze, and take the gifts being brought in custody. Although the Imam did not have inclination towards this work but was obliged to accept it. He sat there. The chieftains, dignitaries and nobles who had participated in the official salutation surrendered their gifts to Imam (A.S.) by the order of Mansoor. A person was appointed by Mansoor to record and write down the details of all of them, and prepare their inventory.

Finally, an old man came and said, “Oh son of the Prophet (P.B.U.H.) I do not have any thing from this world to present it to you, but I have composed a few rhymes of elegy regarding the agony and grief of your grandfather Imam Hussain (A.S.) which I have brought as a gift.”

That man recited his verses, which greatly affected Imam (A.S.). He ordered the official of Mansoor to go and ask Mansoor what was to be done with those gifts? The man went and returned saying, The King said, “I give all of these to you, give it to anybody you wish!”

Imam (A.S.) facing the old man, said, “For the sake of the rhymes which you have recited in connection with calamities and sufferings of my grandfather, I bestow these gifts upon you, so that you are freed of poverty and hardships.”

Imam’s (A.S.) Struggle for the Life

He cultivated the land, which was his personal property and got his income for the life expanses. Sometimes, due to more work his body would perspire all over.

Once, one of his friends name “Ali Batai” who had some work with Imam (A.S.) visited his agricultural fields. When he saw Imam (A.S.) in a state of trouble and inconvenience he was much depressed and said, “may I lay my life for you, why do you not let others do this work?”

Imam (A.S.) said, “Why must I lay it upon the shoulder of others, whereas, those who were better than myself performed it.”

I asked, “Who were those?”

He said, “The Prophet of God (P.B.U.H.) and Amirul Momineen Ali (A.S.), and all my fathers and grandfathers.” Work and pains (taking) is the style of Prophets and Executors of God and His worthy and decent servants were always after the work and hardships of the world so as to provide and meet their life expanses with their own earnings.

Imam’s (A.S.) style of propaganda and guidance

Once Imam (A.S.) was crossing a street. The sound of music and singing was coming out of a house. The owner of the house, who was considered to be one of the dignitaries, had formed a pleasure center for himself and was busy making merry.

Suddenly a maidservant came out of the house to empty the dustbin in a corner. By chances she saw Imam (A.S.) she stood still and saluted him.

The Imam (A.S.) asked her, “Is the owner of this hose a slave or a free man?”

She replied, “A free man.”

Imam (A.S.) said. “Yes it is evident and known that he is a free man. Had he been a slave he would had fear of God and not performed these activities.”

The maid entered the house back and when his master asked her why she was late. She narrated the matter and the words of Imam (A.S.).

The man pondered for a moment and thought about the words of Imam (A.S.) Suddenly, he got up from his place and rushed bare footedly behind the Imam (A.S.) and reached him. He saluted the Imam (A.S.) and expressed his remorse and repented before him.

From then onwards, he turned his pleasure center into a place of worship and to commemorate and cherish the memories of that day he always walked bare footed and got known by the name of “Busher Hafi”, meaning, the Bushar who become bare footed.

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