Imam Ridha’s (AS) Advices on Bathing

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Observing personal hygiene and washing body is critically important in Islam; as mostly it is considered as obligatory and sometimes meritorious act in Islam. What you read here are helpful advices of Imam Ridha (AS) about keeping your body clean.

Physical hygiene is a vital aspect of Islamic lifestyle, as keeping body clean and washing body have been emphasized by many Ahadith and narratives and more importantly one can find standards and rituals in biography of Shia Imams (AS) and Muslim scholars. In Islam, there is a close relationship between spirituality and hygiene. Several rules about compulsory and meritorious ablutions and considering higher rewards for prayers which are done with a clean body can demonstrate this very well.

Imam Ridha (AS) has considered many advantages for batching and says, “Bathing has many and considerable advantages. It balances your humors, removes dirt, softens body’s veins, either small or large, empowers organs, excretes wastes of body, melts and destructs wastes and removes infection. In another advice, Imam says, “Avoid bathing temporarily, if you feel pain in your head or neck.” He also says, “Those who bath by the water has been collected out of other people’s ablutions will develop leprosy.”

Imam Ridha (AS) advices those who hate acnes and blister in their body skin need to embalm their body with violets oil before going to bath with warm or lukewarm water.

If you intend to be safe of headaches caused by batching, drink five sips of warm water upon entering the bath. It will help you to be sure against headaches.

Imam Ridha (AS) has also banned us from excessive bathing.

Solayman Jafari has quoted Imam Ridha (AS) that going to bath every other day makes you fat, while going to bath every day melts the kidney’s lipids.

Through comprehensive remarks, Imam Ridha (AS) explains about all rules of bathing:

َإِذَا أَرَدْتَ دُخُولَ الْحَمَّامِ وَ أَنْ لاتَجِدَ فِى رَأْسِکَ مایُۆْذیکَ، فَابْدَأْ عِنْدَ دُخُولِ الْحَمَّامِ بِخَمْسِ حَسَواتِ ماءٍ حارٍّ فَإِنَّکَ تَسْلَمُ بِإِذْنِ اللَّهِ تَعالى مِنْ وَجَعِ‏الرَّأسِ وَالشَّقیقَةِ. وَ قیلَ خَمْسَةُ أَکُفِّ ماءٍ حارٍّ تَصُبُّها عَلى رَأْسِکَ عِنْدَ دُخُولِ الْحَمَّامِ. وَ اعْلَمْ أَنَّ تَرْکیبَ الْحَمَّامِ عَلى تَرْکیبِ الْجَسَدِ. لِلْحَمَّامِ أَرْبَعَةُ أَبْیاتٍ مِثْلُ أَرْبَعِ طَبائِعٍَ. أَلْبَیْتُ الْأَوَّلُ: بارِدٌ یابِسٌ، وَالثّانی: بارِدٌ رَطْبٌ، وَالثّالثُ: حارٌّ رَطْبٌ، وَالرّابِعُ. حارٌّ یابِسٌ.

If you intend to be safe of headaches caused by batching, drink five sips of warm water upon entering the bath. It will help you to be sure against headaches. Or pout five fists of warm water on your head after entering the bath. Keep in mind that like human body, all baths have four humors: the first humor is cold and dry; the second humor is cold and wet; the third humor is warm and wet and the fourth humor is warm and dry.

Some advices from other Imams of Shia

Imam Ali (AS), “Bath is a good house which recalls the hell’s fire to human being and removes all dirt.”

Imam Musa Kazim (AS), “Going to bath every other day makes you fat, while going to bath every day melts the kidney’s lipids.”

Imam Sadiq (AS), “After leaving the bath wash your feet, because it heals headache and put on turban.”

He also recommended using oils for cleaning and boosting skin, “Oils soft skin and empower mind and cleans body’s ducts and removes dirt of body and lightens skin’s color.”

Rituals of Bathing in Islam

-         Going to bath every other day;

-         Saying certain Dhikrs;

-         Pouring warm water on head and feet upon entering the bath;

-         Drinking a sip of bath water (it treats bladder’s discomforts);

-         Avoid of drinking cold water in bath;

-         Avoid of bathing with cold water (when you may catch cold);

-         Pouring cold water on feet after leaving the bath (it heals foot pains);

-         Combing hairs and brushing teeth in the bath;

-         Never go to bath when your are hungry;

-         Never go to bath when your stomach is overloaded;

-         Don’t go to bath when you are fast;

-          Shave pubic hairs;

-         Washing head with marshmallow and cedar essence;

-         Wearing loincloth in bath;

-         Covering head after bathing

-         Taking massage;

-         Saying two Rak’at prayers after bathing is meritorious.

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