SHAFAQNA -Â A recently released Gallup pollÂ found â€œtidal shiftsâ€ over the past 60 years in Americansâ€™ willingness to support a well-qualified black, female, Catholic or Jewish candidate for president.
But the study also found that 60 percent of Americans would be willing to vote for a president who was a â€œgenerally well-qualified person who happened to be Muslim.â€
Throughout the month of Ramadan, which concludesÂ ThursdayÂ (July 16), American Muslims have been serving their communitiesÂ â€” includingÂ raising more than $80,000 for black churches burned across the SouthÂ andÂ serving 1,000 homeless on Skid Row in Los AngelesÂ â€” public service that they are called by their faith to do. But as they look forward to Eid al-Fitr, the three-day celebration beginningÂ Friday, they are also wondering whetherÂ Americans are more willing to accept their service.
â€œIf the 60 percent is to be used as a proxy of acceptance of Muslims, I am encouraged by an upward trajectory,â€ wrote Saud Anwar, the mayor of South Windsor, Conn., and that stateâ€™s first Muslim mayor.
Anwar said he believes that â€œreligious labels are less criticalâ€ at the local level, where â€œpeople have a better opportunity to know a candidate and thus vote based on capacity to do the job and performance.â€
In national elections, he said, â€œthe labels may become more important for people.â€
But Amaney Jamal, a professor of politics at Princeton University whoâ€™s done significant research on the civic engagement of Muslims and Arabs in the U.S., said the poll also shows how much worse Muslims are doing than other religious and racial groups.
â€œSixty percent isnâ€™t a bad number on average,â€ she said, but when compared with American support for Catholics, blacks, Jews and Mormons â€” where thereâ€™s a 20- to 30-point difference â€” itâ€™s â€œtroubling.â€
Americans havenâ€™t embraced the idea â€œthat a Muslim can be a loyal person to the United States, a Muslim can be a very good president, a dedicated president,â€ said Jamal. â€œThereâ€™s a lot of Islamophobia.â€
The good news is that young people are more willing to vote for a Muslim presidential candidate â€” 76 percent of 18- to 29-year-olds would, as would 67 percent of 30- to 49-year-olds, according to the poll.
The higher youth numbers she attributes to the likelihood they have had direct daily interactions with a Muslim at work or school.
Salam Al-Marayati, executive director of the Muslim Public Affairs Council, said he was struck that Protestants, according to the poll, would be much less likely to support a Muslim candidate (44 percent) than U.S. adults overall.
â€œThe narrative that we are in a religious war with the Middle East I think has an impact on evangelical communitiesâ€™ views of Muslims,â€ said Al-Marayati.
Detroit native Rashida Tlaib, a former Democratic state legislator who was the first Muslim woman elected to the MichiganÂ Legislature, said that her main takeaway from the poll was that the majority of Americans do respect people of faith. American support for atheists and socialists was lower. (Fifty-eight percent of Americans would support an atheist for president, and 47 percent a socialist.)
A recent workshop convened by the Institute for Social Policy and Understanding and the Prince Alwaleed Bin Talal Islamic Studies Program at Harvard University found that as more American Muslims enter public service sectors, they are â€œuniquely positioned to elevate the perception and understanding of Islam and Muslims.â€
Tlaib, who continues to be active in public service in her home state â€” working as a campaign manager for The Campaign to Take on Hate â€” said there are â€œdefinitely not enough Muslims running for office.â€
â€œSome people will go in the military, or be a firefighter or a police officer, or other public service. But I tell you as a public elected official you actually get a much broader blanket of people that you expose your faith to.â€
She said American Muslims should â€œnever underestimate the human connection,â€ explaining that whatever fears her constituents had of Muslims, working on their behalf on day-to-day issues changed that image.
Like Tlaib, Al-Marayati said people have sometimes asked if heâ€™s really Muslim.
â€œJust because weâ€™re Americans doesnâ€™t mean weâ€™re less Muslim,â€ he said. â€œIn fact, we say the opposite: Being a good American citizen makes me a more devout Muslim. And being a devout Muslim makes me a better American citizen.â€
In 2008, former Secretary of State Colin Powell criticized elements of his party for allowing comments that â€œPresident Obama is a Muslimâ€ to be answered only with â€œHe is not a Muslim, heâ€™s a Christian. Heâ€™s always been Christian.â€
â€œThe really right answer,â€ said Powell, â€œis, what if he is? Is there something wrong with being a Muslim in this country?â€
Today, the most high-profile Muslim elected officials are U.S. Reps. Andre D. Carson, D-Ind., and Keith Ellison, D-Minn.
But could there be a Muslim president in our lifetime?
â€œWhy not?â€ said Tlaib, noting that we now have a biracial president.
â€œIf somebody told me 10 years ago â€¦ Iâ€™d say, â€˜Nah, itâ€™s never going to happen.â€™ So Iâ€™m a true believer.â€
Al-Maryati said that more important is having a presidentÂ whoÂ demonstrates aÂ commitment to pluralism and whoÂ includes Muslims as equal citizens in this country.
â€œI think if we achieve that, thatâ€™s a great achievement for America. That will make America stronger and will make the American Muslim community more secure.â€