Is it easy to distinguish between flattery and praise?


SHAFAQNA – It is narrated from Imam Baqer (AS) who said: Flattery and jealousy are not part of believer’s morality except in attaining knowledge [1]. Imam Khomeini wrote: (Sometimes) it is extremely difficult to distinguish between praise and flattery and the human being must seek refuge with God to be guided [2]. Imam defined flattery as: A person expresses friendship and kindness with courtesy towards another person but none of those are in his hearts [3]. It seems that the main element in defining flattery is the double standard and hypocrisy in flatterer.

[1] Tohaful Oqool, Page 307.
[2] Chehel Hadith, page 82.
[3] As above, Page 371.


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