Islamic brotherhood is based on the more general and bigger one, meaning human brotherhood. This is the same brotherhood mentioned by Imam Ali (AS) in his order to Malik Ashtar, saying: Some of the citizens are fellow creatures like you and they also have brotherhood rights . This brotherhood is based on 3 following principles.
- Worldwide prophetic mission of the Prophet of Islam (PBUH): Various Ayahs have stressed and supported this.
- Unity of God and the divine religion: Islam invites to the unity of God, respect of all the prophets and believe in all the divine books, considering all human beings as one Ummah (nation) who are connected to each other by their belief in one God. All these have been mentioned in the following Ayahs of the holy Quran. Ayah 103 of Surah Al-e-Imran; Ayahs 51-52 of Surah Al-Momenoon, Ayah 15 of Surah Al-Shura. Also the Prophet (PBUH) said: O’ people, God is one, the father of all is one and the religion is one .
- The unity of humanity and justice: Islam invites to universal brotherhood and unity whilst rejects local and national fanaticism. Islam considers all the people as participants in religious tolerance and cooperation based on equality and justice and without distinguishing them on their religion or tribe. This legal rule is the base of all internal and international relations.
 Nahjul Balaghah, letter Number 53
 Rashhed Reza, Alwahyal Mohammadi, Page 230 narrated from Ibn Asaaker.
Translated from Farsi text written by Ayatollah Dr Seyyed Mustafa Mohaqeq Damaad
To be continued