SHAFAQNA – In the holy Qur’an and traditions, ‘light’ implies values and perfections. ‘Light’ means guidance2. ‘Light’ means success in travelling towards belief3. ‘Light’ means Islam, insight, knowledge. It means brightness of the spirit4. ‘Light’ is Qur’an:
قَدْ جَاءَكُمْ مِنْ اللَّهِ نُورٌ وَكِتَابٌ مُبِينٌ.
There has come to you from Allah a light, and a Manifest Book. (5:15)
‘Light’ also means divine rules, doctrines and moral facts:
إِنَّا أَنزَلْنَا التَّوْرَاةَ فِيهَا هُدًى وَنُورٌ.
Surely We sent down the Torah, wherein is guidance and light. (5:44)
According to these references, it becomes clear that ‘light’ is the essence of Allah’s Attributes, Accomplishments, and Glorious Names from which all the creatures benefit to the highest degree of their existence, capacity, and capability. The creatures would then get rid of their obscurity.
In this apt situation, the talented human goes from the darkness of inexistence to the light of existence, from incapability to perfection, from the darkness of ignorance to the light of knowledge, from oppression to justice, from unbelief to faith, from deviation to guidance, from materialism to spirituality; in order to rise in position, all due to Allah’s Light, Names, and Attributes, Who is the Pure Light and Reality.
Qur’anic verses and the traditions of Prophet’s Household (as) imply that “Light of Face” has the same realities and perfections, a thousand of which have been pointed out in Jowshan Kabir supplication.
The reason ‘Light’ is used as a singular is because all of Allah’s Lofty Names are actually His Existence, and there is nothing as noun or adjective in His Holy Sanctuary. Knowledge, Wisdom, Justice, Mercy, Compassion… are all the Existence of the One.
Since ‘Light’ mainly means guidance in Islamic texts the above-mentioned phrase may mean: “O Allah! I ask You by Your Guidance, by which all the creatures are guided.”
Thus, the word ‘light’ covers all the heavenly concepts and attributes, and it is left to common sense to choose among the various meanings according to the situation.
- 2. al-Mizan: 1/487.
- 3. Tafsir Abu Al-Futouh: 1/331.
- 4. Kashf Al-Asrar: 1/ 703.