SHAFAQNA- Question: Bismehi Ta’aala All praise is due to Allah, with salutations to His messenger Mohammad Mustapha and his ark of guidance, the Ahlul Bayt (AS). My deepest sorrows and condolances in this month of Moharram to you, our dear leader and descendent of that noble Imam (AS).
Guidance from your eminance is requested on the following medical issues:
A. During preganacy, a fetus lives in a fluid (amniotic fluid) which contains, among other things, its urine, which is excreted, swallowed again, excreted, etc. (The fetus does not eat food, but receives simple nutrients from the mother’s digestion of food, via the blood stream, during this time.)
1. When the baby is born, is he paak [tahir, pure] or najis [ritually impure]?
2. Is the amniotic fluid paak [tahir, pure] or najis [ritually impure]? Can a person who is involved in the delivery or immediate care of a baby say his prayers if his clothes come in contact with that fluid?
3. If the baby urinates afterwards, is his urine paak [tahir, pure] or najis [ritually impure]?
B. Sometimes, the infant will pass a special, thick stool called meconium, while in the mother’s uterus.
1. When the baby is born, if the amniotic fluid is mixed with this stool, is the mixture najis [ritually impure] or paak [tahir, pure]?
2. Is the meconium stool alone paak [tahir, pure] or najis [ritually impure]?
(Questions asked by Fadak Foundation)
Answer: Dear Brother, Salamun `alaykum wa Rahmatullahi wa Barakatuhu. With apologies for the delay, the answer is as follows: Bismihi Ta`ala
1) If the urine comes into contact with the fluid or the fetus inside the body of the mother, it does not make either of them mutanajjis. Therefore when the baby is born and it is covered with the fluid which contains the liquid to which the term urine is applicable, in such case it shall become >mutanajjis. Otherwise if the urine has already been transformed into another material inside the body (and is no longer considered to be urine upon coming out), then the baby shall not be considered as mutanajjis except if another najasah comes into contact with it upon being born, for example it comes out of the body covered with blood and blood covers it after coming out.
2) If the fluid which is excreted at the time of delivery is not considered to be urine and this term does not apply to it, then it is tahir (clean) except if another najasah like blood comes into contact with it.
3) Baby’s urine is najis and the only exception is with respect to the clothes of the lady who takes care of the baby (that she may pray while having them on).
4) As has been mentioned if any najasah comes into contact with anything inside the body it does not cause it to become mutanajjis. After it is excreted with the fluid if it is still considered to be stool, i.e. it has not been transformed into another material then the fluid shall be >mutanajjis.
5) If the excretion of the fetus inside the body of mother is considered to be stool then it is najis but does not cause anyting to become mutanajjis if it comes into contact with it inside the body.
With prayers for your success, wassalam.