SHAFAQNA -Â The Hajj pilgrim coming from a place distant from Mecca assumesÂ ihram from theÂ miqat on his way, or from a point parallel to the closestÂ miqat, and starts reciting theÂ talbiyah.Â In this there is no difference between one performingÂ `Umrah mufradahor any of the three types of Hajj (i.e.Â tamattu, ifrad, qiran). However, those who live within the haramÂ of Mecca assumeÂ ihram from their houses.’
On sighting the Holy Ka’bah, he recitesÂ takbir Ø§Ù„Ù„Ù‘ÙŽÙ‡Ù Ø£ÙŽÙƒÙ’Ø¨ÙŽØ± (i.e. `God is the greatest’) andÂ tahlil Ù„Ø§ Ø¥Ù„Ù‡ Ø¥Ù„Ø§ Ø§Ù„Ù„Ù‡ (i.e. `There is no god except Allah’) which isÂ mustahabb (desirable, though not obligatory). On entering Mecca, he takes a bath, which is againÂ mustahabb. After entering alâ€‘Masjid alâ€‘Haram, first he greets the Black Stone (alâ€‘Hajaralâ€‘’Aswad) â€‘ if possible kisses it, otherwise makes a gesture with his hand – then makes theÂ tawaf (seven fold circumambulation of the Ka’bah) of the first entry, which isÂ mustahabb for one performingÂ Hajj alâ€‘’ifrad orÂ Hajjal-qiran. Then he offers the twoÂ raka’at of theÂ tawaf, again greets the Black Stone if he can, and leaves alâ€‘Masjid alâ€‘Haram. After this, he remains in the state ofÂ ihram in Mecca. On the day ofÂ tarwiyah, i.e. the eighth day of the month of Dhu alâ€‘Hijjah, or if he wants a day earlier, he goes forth towards `Arafat.
If the pilgrim has come forÂ `Umrah mufradahorÂ Hajj al-tamattu; he performs theÂ tawaf of the entry, which is obligatory (wajib) for him, and prays the twoÂ raka’at of theÂ tawaf. Then he performs theÂ saâ€™y between Safa and Marwah, and, following it, theÂ halq (complete head shave) orÂ taqsir (partial shortening of the hair of the head). Then he is relieved of the state ofÂ ihram and its related restrictions, and things prohibited inÂ ihrambecome permissible for him, including sexual intercourse.Â 8 Then he proceeds from Mecca after assumingihram for a second time, early enough to be present at theÂ wuquf (halt) at `Arafat (referred to asÂ `mawqif, ; i.e. the place of halting) at noontime on the ninth of Dhu alâ€‘Hijjah. Assumption ofÂ ihram on the day ofÂ tarwiyah, i.e. eighth Dhu alâ€‘Hijjah, is preferable.
The Hajj pilgrim, irrespective of the type of Hajj he intends to perform, turns towards `Arafat, passing through Mina. The period of theÂ wufuq at `Arafat is, for the Hanafi, Shafi`i, and Maliki schools, from the noon of the ninth until the day break of the tenth; for the Hanbali school, from the daybreak of the ninth until the daybreak of the tenth; and for the Imamiyyah, from non until sunset on the ninth, and in exigency until the daybreak of the tenth.Â The pilgrim offers invocations (dua’) at `Arafat, preferably (istihbaban) in an imploring manner.
Then he turns towards Muzdalifah (also called alâ€‘Mash’ar alâ€‘Haram), where he offers theÂ Maghrib andÂ Isha’prayers on the night of the `Id (i.e. the tenth of Dhu alâ€‘Hijjah). Offering the two prayers immediately after one another is consideredÂ mustahabb by all the five schools. According to the Hanafi, Shafi’i, and Hanbali schools, it is obligatory to spend this night (i.e. the night of the `Id) at Muzdalifah; for the Imamiyyah, it is not obligatory but preferable. After the daybreak, he makes theÂ wuquf at alâ€‘Mash’ar alâ€‘Haram, which isÂ wajib for the Imamiyyah andÂ mustahabb for other schools. And at Muzdalifah, preferably, he picks up seven pebbles to be thrown at Mina.
After this, he turns towards Mina before sunrise on the day of `Id. There he performs the ritual throwing of stones, calledÂ ramy, at Jamarat alâ€‘`Aqabah, no matter which of the three kinds of Hajj he is performing. Theramy is performed between sunrise and sunset, preferably (istihbaban)
accompanied byÂ takbir andÂ tasbi Ø³ÙØ¨Ù’ØÙŽØ§Ù†ÙŽ Ø§Ù„Ù„Ù‘ÙŽÙ‡Ù (i.e. proclaiming God’s glory by saying `How far God is from every imperfection!’).
Then if a nonâ€‘Meccan onÂ Hajj al-tamattu; he should slaughter the sacrificial animal (a camel, cow or a sheep), by agreement of all the five schools. However, it is not obligatory for one onÂ Hajj alâ€‘’ifrad; again by consensus of all the five schools. For one onÂ Hajj al-qiran, the sacrifice is obligatory from the viewpoint o the four Sunni schools, and for the Imamiyyah it is not obligatory except when the pilgrim brings the sacrificial animal (alâ€‘hady) along with him at the time of assumingÂ ihram.
For a Meccan performingÂ Hajj al-tamattu; the sacrifice is obligatory from the viewpoint of the Imamiyyah school, but not according to the four Sunni schools.
After this, he performs theÂ halq orÂ taqsir, irrespective of the kind of Hajj he is performing. AfterÂ halq orÂ taqsir, everything except sexual intercourse becomes permissible for him according to the Hanbali, Shafi’i and Hanafi schools, and according to the Maliki and Imamiyyah schools, everything except intercourse and perfume.
Then he returns to Mecca on the same day, i.e. the day of the `Id, performs theÂ tawaf alâ€‘ziyarah, prays its related twoÂ raka’at, regardless of which kind of Hajj he is performing. After this, according to the four Sunni schools, he is free from all restrictions including that of sexual intercourse. Then he performs theÂ saâ€™y between Safa and Marwah if onÂ Hajj al-tamattu; by agreement of all the five schools. For the Imamiyyah school, theÂ saâ€™yafterÂ tawaf alâ€‘ziyarah is also obligatory for one performingÂ Hajj al-qiran andÂ Hajj alâ€‘’ifrad. But for other schools, it is not obligatory if the pilgrim had performed theÂ saâ€™y after theÂ tawaf of first entry, otherwise it is.
For the Imamiyyah, it is obligatory for all the types of Hajj to perform anotherÂ tawaf after thisÂ saâ€™y. Without thistawaf, calledÂ tawaf al-nisa; one is not relieved of the interdiction of abstinence from intercourse.
Then the pilgrim returns to Mina on the same day, i.e. the tenth, where he sleeps on the night of the eleventh, performs the threefold throwing of stones (ramy al jamarat) during the interval from the noon until the sunset of the eleventhâ€‘ by consensus of all the five schools. For the Imamiyyah, theÂ ramy is permissible after sunrise and before noon. After this, on the day of the twelfth, he does what he had done the day before. All the legal schools agree that he may now depart from Mina before sunset. And if he stays there until sunset, he is obliged to spend the night of the thirteenth there and to perform the threefoldÂ ramy on the day of thirteenth.
After the ramy, he returns to Mecca, before or after noon. On entering Mecca, he performs anotherÂ tawaf,tawaf alâ€‘wada` (the tawaf ofÂ farewell), which isÂ mustahabb for the Imamiyyah and Maliki schools and obligatory for the nonâ€‘Meccans from the viewpoint of the remaining three.