The moral and social system of Imam As-Sadiq (a.s.)

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SHAFAQNA – We are still commemorating the death of Imam As-Sadiq (a.s.). This Imam who opened up on all Muslims and all people tried to let Islam enter the minds and hearts of all people and all life. All the Imams talked in the same way Imam As-Sadiq (a.s.) did, narrating what the Prophet said to prove that they are not jurists who could be either wrong or right in their judgment, but that their Imamate was a light from Allah and His Messenger, that is why the Imam used to say: My sayings are those of my father, Muhammad Al-Baqir (a.s.), and his sayings are those of my grandfather’s sayings and those are of Al-Hussein while those of Al-Hussein are the sayings of Ali(a.s.), and the sayings of Ali are the sayings of Muhammad (p.) who heard them from Jibril who conveyed Allah’s, The Most Exalted sayings .

The Imam was a universal encyclopedia. Muslims never faced a problem which had to do with history, the present and the future, which the Imam did not have an opinion on, since he felt that the Imamate is an official authority whether the Imam held an official post or not. It is the trust of Prophets and the Imam has to spread Islam as it came in Allah’s Book, explaining it and enlightening the people’s minds and hearts, being the commands and sayings of Allah, The Most Exalted.

This is the meaning of the Infallibility of Ahl el-Beit (a.s.) who are infallible in everything they say or do, since they are the light that guides the people, with the light of the Book and the Sunna of His Messenger (p.).

In his entire heritage, Imam As-Sadiq (a.s.) was establishing an Islamic ethical system that has to do with what the individual and the society behave. He instituted that on both his personal sayings as well as those of the Messenger.

Thus, we call upon all those who are Islamically knowledgeable, especially in Islamic morals to study the ethical system detailed by Imam Jaa’far As-Sadiq (a.s.).

The Muslims have lost a lot when they distanced the Members of the House (Ahl el-Beit) from the positions of ruling and replaced them with others who are neither knowledgeable nor infallible. Had Ahl el-Beit ruled they would have continued the Messenger’s thrive to build a Humane ethical society whose ethics are of a degree cannot be attained by the people in their ordinary culture.

Let us read some of the Imam’s saying in this aspect. Imam As-Sadiq (a.s.) said that three are the closest to Allah on the Day of Judgment: A man whose rage did not lead him to be unjust towards those who are weaker than him – like the husband towards his wife and children, or the employer towards his employees which a state that needs training and education – a man who is absolutely just when he judges between two partners and a man who would always tell the truth even when it is against him. Those three are the nearest to Allah on the Day of Judgment.

In another saying, the Imam says “May I not inform you about the most important duty Allah has imposed upon His creation?” I said: “Please do.” He said: “To treat people justly, equal to yourself, and to grant preference to your brother; and to remember Allah in every situation. And by remembering, I do not mean chanting: ‘Glory be to Allah’ and ‘Praise be to Allah’ and ‘There is no god but Allah’ and ‘Allah is great’, altogether it is a part of remembering. But to remember Allah in every situation means to be invincible in matter of obedience to Allah or sinning against Him.”

The imam also says in the context of revealing to the people what a good Muslim actually is: Allah revealed to Adam: I will gather the good, as a whole, in four words: one is for Me, one is for you, one is between you and me, and one is between people and you. The word that is for Me is that you should worship only Me without associating (partners) to Me or obeying others. The word that is for you is that I will reward you in your most critical need; The Day of Judgment. The word that is between you and Me is that you should supplicate and I will answer. The word that is between people and you is that you should accept for yourself whatever you accept for others and hate for them what you hate for yourself.

In another saying the Imam comments on those who criticize those in power for being unjust, but they wrong who are less strong. He says: fear Allah and be just, for you are criticizing those who are not.

These words of Imam Jaa’far As-Sadiq(a.s.) enlighten the minds, open the heart, put man on the straight line, and make for the Muslims a society that is both just and humane. This is what we should learn from Allah’s Book and the Sunna of His Messenger (p) and the Imams of Ahl el-Beit. Peace be on Imam Jaa’far As-Sadiq the day he was born, the day he died and the day he will brought back to life.

By: Sayyed Muhammad Hussein Fadlullah (ra)

* The aforementioned is an edited Friday sermon.

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