The trial and punishment of Sheikh Al Nimr – The story of a beheading in Saudi Arabia

SHAFAQNA – With over 30,000 political prisoners languishing in its jail Saudi Arabia has become the epitome of oppression. A few months into his reign, King Salman is set to paint the Kingdom red with the blood of Sheikh Al Nimr, a prominent Shia cleric whose crimes have been to speak a truth against Al Saud’s theocracy.

If Saudi Arabia has seldom rhymed with such values as freedom and justice, the Kingdom stands this May to turn bloody as newly appointed King Salman is expected to order the imminent execution to death of one of the country most prominent Saudi Shia clerics and well-known rights activist, Sheikh Nimr Baqir Al Nimr.

Sheikh Al Nimr who is arguably one of the fiercest and most vocal critic of the monarchy was condemned to death in October 2014 on charges of sedition; his crime – the denunciation of Saudi Arabia’s brutal and reactionary theocratic system.

A cleric, a man of letter and a teacher for his community, Sheikh Al Nimr has dedicated his life to advocating peaceful change, interfaith tolerance, social justice and political self-determination. Born in a country which strictly segregate on the basis of one’s social standing, religious affiliation or even gender, Sheikh Al Nimr grew to become both a symbol of resistance and a hope that peaceful change could still manifest.

An independent mind and a charismatic man, Sheikh Al Nimr was never built to cower before adversity, especially when it meant abandoning an entire people – his people, to suffer religious oppression by the hands of the Kingdom’s Wahhabi establishment.

In a country where all which is not Wahhabi Islam is a heresy, Sheikh Al Nimr stood tall for the Shia of Saudi Arabia – a group which for centuries has endured a brutal and often bloody sectarian-motivated crackdown.

Hope came to the Saudis by way of the Arab Spring in 2011 when millions across the Middle East and North Africa rose in unison to depose autocracies in the region, determined to reclaim power away from their respective despots. And while Revolution burnt bright for a while, power was but briefly displaced. As people’s resolve wavered and democracies faltered, chaos spread and military leaders stepped out of the shadows and into the revolutionary vacuum. From Egypt to Libya, Tunisia, Syria, Bahrain and Yemen – popular rule remains an elusive concept.

Saudi Arabia never got its revolution!

Sheikh Al Nimr is in that respect one of the unwarranted casualties of a movement which bore such promise and yet fell flat on its face under the weight of political manipulation.

For daring speak against the monarchy and demanding equal rights for all Saudis Sheikh Al Nimr was struck down by the regime, branded to suffer the wrath of a system which tolerates but

absolute submission. Keen to make an example out of him and stifle through his trial any form of dissent Al Saud’s Royals handed this one cleric a punishment worthy of the Spanish Inquisition.

Al Nimr was not just condemned to death, he was sentenced to be beheaded, then crucified in a public square; his body to be paraded before all, as one would do a hunting trophy.

But Saudi Arabia’s clear desire to punish those who defy its authority could actually end up costing the monarchy more than it bargained for. Again, Sheikh Al Nimr is more than just a political dissident, he has become the vessel of Saudi Arabia’s discontent, an inspiration for all those men and women who continue to oppose Al Saud’s hegemony in the region.

As Ali Al Ahmed, an expert on Saudi Arabia from the Institute for Gulf Affairs warned in comments to MintPress, the killing of Sheikh Al Nimr will likely mark a point of no return for the Kingdom. “You’d see huge protests, you’d see huge clashes … This would be a turning point.”

Amid the warnings and cries for reprisals, western powers have retreated behind their walls of silence, the public’s apathy only broken by the admonitions of rights organizations. “Saudi Arabia’s wave of executions since the start of this year has provoked widespread disgust. But these killings, if they are allowed to go ahead, will mark a new low,” said Maya Foya, director of Reprieve’s death penalty team, in a post to the NGO’s website.

With a new generation of princes holding the rod of power in Riyadh, the Kingdom has become, if ever it was possible, a much darker and oppressive place indeed.

As Prince bin Naif now heads the Interior Ministry, any form of activism, whether political or religious, has been construed as terrorism and calls for democratic reforms likened to treason.

Utilizing specialized criminal courts and a terrorism law that effectively criminalizes free speech, Prince bin Naif, the new darling of the United States has worked to squash the very concept of civil liberties. With rights advocates such as Fadhil Al Manasif, Waleed Abu Al Khair, Raif Badawi and of course Sheikh Al Nimr in prison, one could argue the Kingdom is at war with its own people.

But as often in a state where repression has become the main institutional axis, the opposition needs only to find one rallying cry, one pivotal moment where the collective’s fear of persecution is overcome to turn one movement into a revolutionary storm. While 2011 provided the latter by exploding the shackles which burdened millions across the Middle East and North Africa, Saudi Arabia needs still for its revolutionary spirit to come alive. As it stands, Sheikh Al Nimr could become that impetus the Saudis have been waiting for to focus their frustrations on and carry their hopes.

If Saudi Arabia often presents itself as an oasis of calm and stability against the tumult of a region racked by wars, poverty and terror, we might want to consider the fact that it could be because it stands at the epicenter of such ongoing chaos – the generator of a violence which has swept the region and brought misery to millions.

When political power can only be asserted through the spilling of blood and gruesome displays of violence, when legitimacy can only be gained through vicious oppression, it is often such regimes are on the brink of collapse.

Change is inherent to the reality of our universe, and not even the Kingdom will be able to weather that storm – and it’s coming!


By Catherine Shakdam for Shafaqna Middle East Studies Department

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