What is the meaning of a ‘khums year’? And how is it established?

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SHAFAQNA- Khums Year’s Starting Date

Q: I have recently been employed in a government institution. On the 1st of August I was introduced to the institution for taking a five-month paid educational course and I started to receive a full salary only in January after I passed the course. My question is that from which date does my khums year start? Is it the date I received my 1st salary? Or that on which I took my 1st educational payment?

A: If the educational payment was considered as compensation, your khums year started when you received your first educational payment. But, if that payment was under the title of help or gift, it is not subject to khums and the starting date of your khums year would be the day on which you received your 1st official salary.

Khums year

Q: What is the meaning of a ‘khums year’? And how is it established?

A:The date of a khums year is a fait accompli matter and not to be appointed by the mukallaf.
The start of a khums year for a person is the day on which he receives his first income. The same date in the next year/s will be the end of khums year. Any amount of yearly earnings spent during the year for life requirements and within one’s station is subject to no khums. While, the amount that remains surplus at the end of khums year plus the daily consumable goods (like rice, pea, etc.) that remain untouched until the same date, an unneeded thing which was bought or it is above one’s station, are all subject to khums. If a mukallaf, at the end of khums year, does not pay their khums, they are not allowed to make use of khums-unpaid property. Of course, mahr (dowry), inherited property and gifts are not liable to khums.
However, if you face any problem in calculating khums, you may refer to the office of His Eminence the Supreme Leader of Muslims (d.) or one of his attorney authorized to deal with khums affairs.

To Change Khums Year’s Date

Q: Can I change the date of my khums year?
A: It is impermissible to make a khums year’s date earlier or later unless with the permission of the authority in charge of khums and calculating the khums of the passed period. Also, changing the date is conditioned by not having a harmful effect on the beneficiaries of the khums.

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